Bavarian Motor Works), best known as its abbreviation
BMW manufactures German luxury vehicles, motorcycles, and engines. Established in 1916 with Headquarters in Munich, Bavaria, Germany. BMW is the owner of
Mini cars and also owns Rolls-Royce Motor Cars. BMW manufactures automobiles under the BMW Motorsport division and motorcycles using BMW Motorrad, and electric autos under the BMW i sub-brand and "iPerformance" models as a part of the regular BMW line. It is one of the top of the top selling luxury automakers in the world. The organization is a part of the Euro Stoxx 50 securities exchange index.
Get The Book: . The Ultimate History of BMW
BMW was founded in 1917 after a restructuring of the Rapp Motorenwerke aircraft manufacturing company. In 1918, After the end of World War I, BMW was compelled to stop making airplane engines by the terms of the Versailles Armistice Treaty. Subsequently, the organization began making motorcycles as the confinements of the treaty began to be lifted in 1923, and later began building autos in 1928–1929.
The first auto which BMW successfully built and the auto which propelled BMW toward generatin automobiles was the Dixi, in based upon the Austin 7 with license from the Austin Motor Company of England
BMW's first noteworthy aircraft engine, and commercial product of any kind, was the BMW IIIa inline-six fluid cooled motor of 1918, known for efficient fuel economy and performance at high altitudes. Following German rearmament in the 1930s, the organization again started manufacturing aircraft motors for the Luftwaffe. The Munich factory took advantage of forced labor: foreigners, war prisoners Dachau concentration campo inmates. Among its successful World War II motor designs were the BMW 132 and 801 air-cooled radial engines, and the BMW 003 axial-flow turbojet, which was the power for the small, 1944–1945–era jet powered Heinkel He 162 Spatz. The 003 jet engine by BMW was initially tried as a prime engine in the Messerschmitt Me 262, the Me 262 V1 prototype, however in 1942 tests the BMW model motors failed on departure with just the standby Junkers Jumo 210 nose-mounted piston motor fueling it to a safe landing. The few Me 262 A-1b test versions utilized the more developed rendition of the 003 fly, recording an official top speed of 497 mph. The first four-engine jet aircraft ever flown were the 6th and eighth models of the Arado Ar 234 fly surveillance plane, which utilized BMW 003 planes for power. Through 1944 the 003's unwavering quality improved, making it an appropriate power plant for aircraft designs vieing for the Jägernotprogramm's light fighter contract. which was won over by the Heinkel He 162 Spatz design. Also under consideration was the The BMW 003 aviation turbojet 13] Towards the end of the Third Reich, some military aircraft projects were deveoped by BMW for the Luftwaffe, the Strahlbomber, the Schnellbomber and the Strahljäger, however none of these were ever built
In 1992, BMW obtained an extensive stake in California-based DesignworksUSA, an industrial studio which they completely took over in 1995. In 1994, BMW purchased the British Rover Group (which at the time comprised of the Rover, Land Rover and MG brands and along with the rights to retired brands including Austin and Morris), and possessed it for six years. By 2000, Rover was losing large amounts of money and BMW chose to sell them all. The MG and Rover brands were acquired by Phoenix Consortium to form MG Rover, and Land Rover was acquired by Ford. BMW, in the interim, held the rights to manufacture the new Mini, which was available by 2001.
The first BMW automobile was the BMW 3/15 built at first as a "Dixi" from 1927 and 1929 and then after BMW obtained the Dixi business contract in October 1928, in three ensuing renditions as BMWs from July 1929 until March 1932, when BMW surrendered the license under which the Austin designed autos were built. 9,307 Dixi 3/15s were made between 1927 and 1929, which was nearly the same number of autos as all the prior Dixi models together. 18,976 BMW 3/15s were built built from 1929 to 1932.
BMW New Class - 1962-1977
The BMW New Class was a car line manufactured between 1962 and 1977. These models ensured the solvency of BMW's after the organization's 1950s financial crisis and established BMW's identity as sports sedans.
The initial New Class vehicle was the 1500, followed by the 1800, 1600 and the 2000.a compact 4-door executive auto with a new M10 (at first called M115) OHC 4-cylinder motor. The 2000C and 2000CS extravagance cars were added to the line in 1965.
Replacement of the New Class models started with the larger 2000C and 2000CS coupes, which were supplanted in 1969 by the 6-cylinder E9 2800CS. 4-door vehicles were replaced by the larger E12 5 Series in 1972.
The New Class coupes presented the Hofmeister kink which has been utilized on most BMW autos since. Another New Class vehicle is the iconic 02 Series, which are are shorter New Class sedans.
BMW 1 Series - Compact
The 1 Series (F20/F21) is the entry level to BMW's current model range. It is produced in 3-door and 5-door hatchback body styles. A 4-door sedan variant (F52) is also sold in China and Mexico.
BMW 2 Series - Compact
The 2 Series (F22/F23) is BMW's entry level coupes and convertibles. The 2 Series range also consists of the "Active Tourer" (F45) and "Gran Tourer" (F46) body styles, which are 5-seat and 7-seat MPVs respectively.
327 - 1937-1941
BMW 3 Series - Compact - (1975-current)
The 3 Series (F30/F31/F34) range is produced in 4-door sedan, 4-door wagon (estate) and 5-door fastback ("Gran Turismo") body styles. A long-wheelbase sedan variant (F35) is also sold in China.
The BMW 3 Series is an executive compact auto produced since May 1975. It suceded the 02 Series and has been manufactured over six generations.
The first 3 Series was was only built as a 2-door sedan, although now the model range has since extended to incorporate a 4-door sedan, 2-door convertible, 2-door coupe, 5-door hatchback and a 5-door station wagon.
In 2013, the car and convertible models began to be badged as 4 Series, and the 3 Series no longer incorporates these body styles.
The 3 Series is the best selling BMW model, representing around 30% of the BMW's yearly automobile sales total. The 3 Series has won various awards all through its history.
The M rendition of the 3 series, M3, began with the E30 M3 in 1988.
BMW 4 Series - Compact
The 4 Series (F32/F33/F36) range is produced in 2-door coupe, 2-door convertible and 5-door fastback ("Gran Coupe") body styles.
BMW Mid Size
BMW 5 Series (1972-present)
The 5 Series (G30/G31) range is produced in sedan and wagon body styles. A long-wheelbase sedan variant (G38) is also sold in China.
The mid-size BMW 5 Series has been manufactured since 1972. It succeeded the 4-door sedans of the BMW New Class and is now in its seventh generation.
At first, the 5 Series only came in a sedan. The touring body style was added 1991 and the 5-door hatchback ("Grant Touring") was included 2009.
It is the second best selling model after the 3-Series and in produced around half of BMW's profits in 2010
The 5 millionth 5 Series was produced on January 29, 2008, a 530d Saloon in Carbon Black Metallic.
The 5 Series came by its name as being the fifth of the "new series" autos after the V-8 and Isetta era and was the sequal for the dated four-door New Class vehicles. The current BMW naming tradition started with the firstl 5 Series.
As of now, seven BMW 5 Series generations have followed each other:
BMW 501 - 1952-1958
The BMW 501 was a luxury saloon fabricated from 1952 to 1958. Presented in 1951 at the initial Frankfurt Motor Show , the 501 was the automobile manufactured by BMW
after World War II. The 501 and its variations, including the V8 powered BMW 502, were nicknamed "Rococo Angels" by the German public. The 502 was the first
postwar German auto to be built with a V8 engine. Although the 501 and 502 models were discontinued in 1958, varieties of the model, with the same body and platform,
were continued until 1963.
BMW 6 Series Mid Size (1976-1989)
The 6 Series (F06/F12/F13) range is produced in 2-door coupe, 2-door convertible and 4-door fastback ("Gran Coupe") body styles.
BMW New Six - 1968-1977
The BMW New Six was a full-size line of luxury sedans and GT coupes manufactured from 1968 to 1977. All models utilized the then-new M30 straight-6 engine.
The E3 sedan variant, which denoted BMW's return to the luxury full-size sedan market following a 5 year hiatus, was announced as a reaction to Mercedes-Benz's growing market segment. It was essential in establishing BMW as a luxury and sporting cars builder
The E9 2-coupe were manufactured alongside and racing renditions of the coupe enhancing BMW's auto racing reputation.
BMW 6 Series - Mid Size (E63)
The BMW 6 Series is a series of grand tourers. First was the E24, derived from original 7 Series, the BMW E23. The E24 was announced in 1976 to supplant the 3.0CS and 3.0CSi (E9). In 2003, 14 years after production stopped, BMW announced the all new E63/E64 which came as a convertible and a coupe, based upon the E60 5 Series chasis. Models were the 645Ci (later supplanted with the 650i) and the 630i, while the model with the highest performance is the BMW M6. Released in 2011 for the 2012 model year, the third generation F12 and F13 6 series shared a platform and a few motors with the 5 Series (F10 and the 7 Series (F01), and presenting a four-door fastback coupe called a Gran Coupé.
BMW Full Size
The 7 Series (G11/G12) range is produced in the 4-door sedan and long-wheelbase sedan body styles.
BMW 7 Series - 1977-Current
The BMW 7 Series manufactured since 1977, is the successor to the E3 "New Six" sedan and is in its 6th generation. The 7 Series is the flagship BMW and is made as a sedan or extended limousine. It generally presents technologies and exterior designs before they trickle down to smaller BMW vehicles
The original 7 Series was powered by straight-6 gasoline engines, and following generations have been included straight-6,
V8 and V12 engines with both non-turbo and turbocharging. Diesel engines have been incorporated into the 7 Series since 1995
BMW Crossovers and SUVs
BMW X models refer to the following BMW crossover and sports activity vehicle models:
BMW X1 - F48 - SUV (2009-present)
based on 1 Series platform. The E84 X1 is the first generation model and was originally presented as the BMW Concept X1 at the Paris Motor Show in 2008.] It is based on the same platform as the E91 3 Series Touring, and features similar dimensions including the same 2,760 mm (109 in) wheelbase. It was not introduced to the United States until 2012. In 2013, the E84 X1 underwent a facelift, featuring restyled exterior and interior design elements, as well as the integration of BMW EfficientDynamics on all models. The original X1 sold 820,529 units.
BMW X2 - F39 - SUV (2017-present)
based on 1 Series platform)
BMW X3 - G01 - SUV (2009-present)
The BMW X3 is a compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured by German automaker BMW since 2003. Based on the BMW 3 Series platform, and now in its third generation, BMW markets the crossover as a Sports Activity Vehicle, the company's proprietary descriptor for its X-line of vehicles. The first generation X3 was designed by BMW in conjunction with Magna Steyr of Graz, Austria
BMW X4 - G02 - SUV (2014-present)
SUV with Coupé roofline, based on X3 platform
BMW X5 - G05 - SUV (1999-present)
Based on 5 Series platform, The BMW X5 is a mid-size luxury SUV produced by BMW. The first generation of the X5, with the chassis code E53, made its debut in 1999. It was BMW's first SUV and it also featured all-wheel drive and was available with either manual or automatic transmission. In 2006, the second generation X5 was launched, known internally as the E70, featuring the torque-split capable xDrive all-wheel drive system mated to an automatic transmission, and in 2009 the X5 M performance variant was released as a 2010 model.
BMW branded the X5 as a Sport Activity Vehicle (SAV) rather than an SUV, to emphasize its on-road ability despite its size.
BMW X6 - F16- SUV (2009-present)
SUV with Coupé roofline, based on X5 platform, The BMW X6 is a mid-size luxury crossover by German automaker BMW.
The first generation (E71) was released for sale in April 2008 for the 2009 model year The X6 was marketed as a Sports Activity Coupé (SAC) by BMW. It combines the attributes of an SUV (high ground clearance, all-wheel drive and all-weather ability, large wheels and tires) with the stance of a coupé (styling featuring a sloping roof). It was based on the previous generation BMW 5 and 6 Series. E71 development began in 2003 under Peter Tuennermann,
after start of E70 X5 development in 2001. Production began on December 3, 2007.
BMW X7 - SUV (2017-present)
SUV based on 5 Series platform. The BMW X7 is a sport utility vehicle manufactured by BMW. It is BMW's flagship Sports Activity Vehicle (SAV).
The X7 was first announced by BMW in March 2014] It was officially unveiled on October 17, 2018, with pre-orders being taken online. The X7 will be available at dealers starting in March 2019.
The BMW i is a sub-brand of BMW founded in 2011 to design and manufacture plug-in electric vehicles. The sub-brand initial plans called for the release of two vehicles; series production of the BMW i3 all-electric car began in September 2013, and the market launch took place in November 2013 with the first retail deliveries in Germany. The BMW i8 sports plug-in hybrid car was launched in Germany in June 2014.
Keep Your Car Looking New
BMW Motor Cars Through the Years
Reviewed by Gene Wright on