General Motors was established by William C. Durant in 1908, as a holding company for Buick. GM obtained the Rapid Motor Vehicle Company of Pontiac, Michigan in 1909, framing the foundation of GMC Trucks. (Rapid was founded in 1901, by Max Grabowsky. The organization developed some of the earliest trucks ever manufactured, and used single-cylinder motors.) The
Reliance Motor Car Company (another independent truck maker) was also acquired by GM that same year. In 1911, Rapid and Reliance were merged, and in 1912 the "GMC Truck" marque was first displayed vehicles at the New York International Auto Show. Somewhere in the range of 22,000 trucks were manufactured that year, however GMC's contribution to those numbers was only 372 units. GMC, later became distinct division brand inside the partnership, marking trucks and coaches..
GMC had three assembling plants in Oakland California, Pontiac, Michigan, and Saint Louis, Missouri.
A GMC Truck crossed the nation from Seattle to New York City in 1916 in thirty days, and a GMC 2 ton truck was driven from New York City to San Francisco in 1916 in five days and 30 minutes. Amid the Second World War, GMC created 600,000 trucks to be used by the United States Armed Forces.
GM acquired a controlling interest in Yellow Coach in 1925, a bus maker situated in Chicago, Illinois which was established by John D. Hertz. After acquiring the balance in 1943, it was renamed the GM Truck and Coach Division. The Division produced interurban coaches until 1980. In May 1987, Transit bus production ended. The Canadian plant (in London, Ontario) created buses from 1962 until July 1987. In the late 1970s, GM withdrew from the bus and coach market on account of expanded rivalry in the late 1980s. RTS model rights were sold to Transportation Manufacturing Corporation, and Motor Coach Industries of Canada bought the Classic design. In 1998, GMC's official marking on vehicles was abbreviated from "GMC Truck" to just "GMC".
GMC presently makes SUVs, pickup trucks, vans, and light and medium duty trucks. Previously, GMC also made fire trucks, ambulances, heavy duty trucks, military vehicles, transit buses and
GMC Model K (1920-1921)
1920-1921 - New "K" models were presented with 3/4 to 5-tons capacities. They had Northway motors.
GMC T Models (1927-1932)
1927 - GMC showed new "T" series vehicles. The 1/2-ton Panel Express and the Screen Side Express were manufactured by the Oakland Motor Car Co. (later it became Pontiac Motor Division. of GM). Pontiac engines were utilized in GMC pickups and light trucks from 1927 through 1932. 1 and 2-ton vehicles were driven by more powerful and proficient Buick 6 chamber valve-in-head motors.
The 1928 GMC model lineup included: T-11 (½ t.) and T19 (1 ½ t.) with Pontiac 36 hp 187 cid
1931 - Chevrolet taxis and front sheet metal were utilized on GMC light and medium models interestingly.
GMC O10-T11 (1933-1938)
The Great Depression resulted in production and sales dropping to new low points. Drastic cuts
were made to reduce operational costs including laying off personnel, and reducing work hours
and pay rates. Departments were reorganized and consolidated to increase efficiency.
No new models were released and only 5,936 trucks were built that year at the lowest point of the
GMC light duty truck production was suspended for 1933 and most of 1934.
GMC AC100 (1939-1940)
1939 new light duty AC100 models were announced, covering the full scope of sizes
GMC C and E Series (1941-1946)
The GMC AK Series light duty truck was first in 1941 until 1947. It utilized the GM A platform which was also marked and sold at Chevrolet dealers, with the essential visual contrast being the Gmc had horizontal grill bars while the Chevrolet had vertical grill bars. GMC models were marketed as C-Series and E-Series for the 1946 and 1947 model years.
GMC New Design (1947-1955)
GMC's first major redesign after World War II, the New-Design series was promoted as a bigger, stronger, and sleeker design in contrast with the prior
C and E Series. They became available, June 28, 1947, these trucks were sold with minor changes throughout the years until the
Blue Chip Series trucks were announced March 25, 1955 replacing the dated New-Design model.
A similar basic design family was utilized for the majority of its trucks including the canopy express, Suburban, panel trucks, and cab overs. The cab overs utilized similar cab configurations and similar grille however utilized a shorter and taller hood along with different fenders. The Cab Over hood and fenders required a different cowl which makes the Cab Over and normal truck cabs incompatible with each other while all truck cabs of all weights are interchangeable.
GMC Blue Chip Series (1955-1959)
The Blue Chip Series was GMC's successor to the New Design trucks. The Blue
Chip Series ran from late 1955 (second series) through 1959.
The 1955 second series offered standard options and add-ons such as 12-volt electrical systems, the first V8 (the 265 cubic inch), and fleet-side six-, seven-, and eight-foot length beds.
Pontiac Powered, similar to the Chevrolet Task-Force trucks
GMC C/K Series (1960-1998)
The C/K was Chevrolet and GMC's full-size pickup truck line from October 1959 until 2000 in the United States and Canada, from 1964 to 2001 in Brazil, and from 1975 to 1982 in Chile. The first Chevrolet pickup truck was introduced in 1924, though in-house designs did not appear until 1930. "C" indicated two-wheel drive and "K" indicated four-wheel drive. The aging C/K light-duty pickup truck was replaced with the Chevrolet Silverado and GMC Sierra names in 1999.
Half, three-quarter and one-ton trucks, featuring Sierra, Sierra Grande, High Sierra, and Sierra Classic trim lines
GMC C/K first generation (19601966)
Launched in the fall of 1959, the 1960 model year introduced a new body style of light pick-up truck that featured many firsts. Most important of these were a drop-center ladder frame, allowing the cab to sit lower, and independent front suspension, giving an almost car-like ride in a truck. Also new for 1960 was a new designation system for trucks made by GM. Gone were the 3100, 3200, and 3600 designations for short 1/2, long 1/2 and 3/4-ton models. Instead, a new scheme assigned a 10, 20, or 30 for 1/2, 3/4, and 1-ton models
GMC C/K second generation (19671972)
A new, more modern look came in 1966 for 1967, along with a new nickname: "Action Line". It was with this revision of the C/K truck that General Motors began to add comfort and convenience items to a vehicle line that had previously been for work purposes alone.
GMC C/K third generation (19731987)
An all-new clean sheet redesign of General Motors' Chevrolet and GMC brand C/K-Series pickups debuted in mid-1972 for the 1973 model year. Development of the new third-generation trucks began in 1968 with vehicle components undergoing simulated testing on computers before the first prototype pickups were even built for real world testing. The redesign was revolutionary in appearance at the time, particularly the cab, departing from typical American pickup truck designs of the era. Aside from being near twins, the Chevrolet and GMC pickups looked like nothing else on the road
GMC C/K fourth generation (19881999) GMT400
Planning for the GMT400 began in the early 1980s. After design freeze, production development began in early 1984 and were introduced in April 1987 as 1988 models (known as the GMT400 platform). There were eight different versions of the C/K line for 1988: Fleetside Single Cab, Fleetside Extended Cab, Fleetside Crew Cab, and Stepside Single Cab models, each in either 2WD (C) or 4WD (K) drive-lines. This extended cab was the first to be offered on a GM pickup.
GMC Sierra (1998 - Present)
The Chevrolet Silverado, and its mechanically identical cousin the GMC Sierra, are a series of full-size and heavy-duty pickup trucks manufactured by General Motors and introduced in 1998 as the successor to the long-running Chevrolet C/K line. The Silverado name was taken from a trim level previously used on its predecessor, the Chevrolet C/K pickup truck from 1975 through 1998. General Motors continues to offer a GMC-badged variant of the Chevrolet full-size pickup under the GMC Sierra name, first used in 1987 for its variant of the GMT400 platform trucks.
The heavy-duty trucks are informally referred to as "Silverado HD" (and Sierra HD), while the light-duty version is referred simply to as "Silverado" (and Sierra).
GMC version of Chevrolet Silverado medium- and heavy-duty pickup
GMC Sprint (1971-1977), Caballero (1978-1987)
The GMC Sprint is a coupe utility/pickup that was produced by GMC for the 19711977 model years. The Sprint was renamed Caballero for the 1978 model year, and produced through 1987. The rear-wheel-drive car-based pickups were sold by GMC Truck dealers primarily in the United States and Canada as the GMC version of the Chevrolet El Camino. Trim designations, emblems, and wheel trim differentiate the GMC from the Chevrolet. The vehicles were built on the GM A platform through 1981; for 1982, it was re-designated the G platform as the A platform switched to front-wheel drive.
GMC S-15 (1981-2003)
The GMC S-15 is a compact pickup truck that was produced by GMC. It was the first domestically built compact pickup of the big three American automakers. When it was first introduced as a "quarter-ton pickup" in 1981 for the 1982 model year, the S-15 and later renamed the GMC Sonoma. A high-performance version was released in 1991 and given the name of GMC Syclone. The pickup was also sold by Isuzu as the Hombre from 1996 through 2000, but only in North America. There was also an SUV version, the Chevrolet S-10 Blazer/GMC S-15 Jimmy. An electric version was leased as a fleet vehicle in 1997 and 1998. Together, these pickups are often referred to as the S-series.
In North America, the S-series was replaced by the Chevrolet Colorado, GMC Canyon, and Isuzu i-Series in 2004.
GMC Canyon (2004-Present)
The Chevrolet Colorado and its counterpart, the GMC Canyon, are mid-size pickup trucks marketed by American automaker General Motors. They were introduced in 2004 to replace the
GMC S-15 compact pickups.
The Chevrolet Colorado and its twin, the GMC Canyon were jointly designed by GM's North American operations, GM's Brazil operations, and Isuzu. Isuzu, which participated in the design process, began selling its own version worldwide in 2002. In late 2005, Isuzu offered a version in North America called the Isuzu i series. This North American model Isuzu shared North American power trains, styling, and equipment with the Colorado/Canyon twins and differed from Isuzu's worldwide offering. All Chevrolet, GMC, and Isuzu versions worldwide are based on the GMT355
GMC traces its history to the 1902 founding of the Rapid Motor Vehicle Company in Pontiac, MI. In 1909 William C. Durant gained control of Rapid Motor Vehicle Company and made it a subsidiary of his General Motors Company. In 1908 Durant gained control of Reliance Motor Car Company, another early commercial vehicle manufacturer. In 1911 General Motors formed the General Motors Truck Company and folded Rapid and Reliance into it.
GMC Jimmy (1969-2005)
The Jimmy was the shortest full size SUV introduced in 1969, the full-size Blazer was replaced by
the GMC Yukon in 1993. It was based upon the short wheelbase pickups and came in either rear wheel drive only or four-wheel drive. The "Jimmy" name mirrored the GMmy sound in a comparative way in how Jeep was an elocution of GP in the competing market.
Until 1995, the Jimmy featured "full convertible" removable tops. In 1976, GM announced a half-cab outline that was less inclined to leaks and somewhat more secure in a roll-over. These half cabs are convertible beginning a few inches behind the driver/passenger doors clear to the tailgate.
GMC S-15 Jimmy (1983-2005)
The Chevrolet Blazer (4WD model T-10) and its rebadged variant, the GMC S-15 Jimmy (4WD model T-15), are compact/mid-size SUVs manufactured and marketed by Chevrolet and GMC from 1982-2005 across two generations.
In the United States retail sales of two-door Blazer models ended in 2004; all other models were sold until April 20, 2005. In the Canadian market, four-door models of the Blazer and Jimmy were sold until the 2004 model year and until the 2005 model year for the two-door models of both.
GMC Suburban (1937-2000) Replaced with Yukon XL in 2001
The full size Suburban is the longest continuous vehicle nameplate being manufactured, beginning in 1937. The Suburban has been manufactured under the Chevrolet, Holden, and GMC brands until the GMC variant was rebranded as the GMC Yukon XL. For a majority of recent history, the Suburban has been built as a station wagon-bodied rendition of the Chevrolet pickup, including the Chevrolet C/K and Silverado version of truck-based vehicles. Cadillac built an adaptation called the Escalade ESV.
Renamed the Yukon XL for the 2001 Model Year
GMC Suburban first generation (19351940)
Prior to this first generation Suburban, in 1933 Chevrolet had offered a station wagon body, built on the 1/2 ton truck frame. This model was specifically built for National Guard and Civilian Conservation Corps units. Much of the body was constructed from wood, and could seat up to eight occupants.
GMC Suburban second generation (19411947)
Suburbans were built in model years 1941, 1942, and 1947. It was also produced during the war as a military transport vehicle. Seating for up to eight occupants was available.
The GMC version was equipped with a 228-cubic-inch 6-cylinder engine. It shared much of its mechanicals with the AK Series trucks.
GMC Suburban third generation (19481954)
Beginning in 1953, the Hydra-Matic 4-speed automatic transmission was available in 1954 model year
GMC Suburbans. Models with rear panel doors were designated "3106," while those with tailgates were designated "3116."
GMC Suburban fourth generation (19551959)
Updated engineering and styling on Chevrolet trucks was not introduced until March 25, 1955, in the middle of the model year that GM called the Chevrolet Task Force/GMC Blue Chip series. All Chevrolet and GMC truck models received new styling that included a flatter hood, front fenders flush with the body, and a trapezoid grill. The trucks' V-shaped speedometer was shared with passenger car models
GMC Suburban fifth generation (19601966)
The styling of the 1960 1961 model year took cues from the late 1950s Chevrolet vehicles and had large oval ports above the grille. Front independent suspension was new for 1960. The cab featured a "wrap around" windshield. Tailgate and panel door rear openings were available.
From 1962 onwards, the hood styling was more conservative, with hoods that eliminated the large ports. In 1964, the front glass area was updated to a flatter windshield and larger door glass. 1,150 lb (520 kg) of cargo could be carried in the back
GMC Suburban sixth generation (19671972)
The 6th generation Suburbans featured a single driver-side door and two passenger-side doors, and were available in both 2WD and 4WD models.
GMC Suburban seventh generation (19731991)
With the third generation Rounded-Line C/R & K/V models, the Suburban became a four-door vehicle. The Rounded-Line 1970s body style remained largely unchanged for 19 model years making this series the longest Suburban generation in production. 2WD (C/R) and 4WD models (K/V) were both available in 1/2 and 3/4 ton ("10" and "20") chassis.
GMC Suburban eighth generation (19922000)
The GMT400-based Suburbans were introduced in December 1991 for the 1992 model year. The similar pickup truck models had switched to the newer platforms in the 1988 model year. Both 2WD and 4WD models, designated "C" and "K", were offered, as well as half ton and three-quarter ton ("1500" and "2500") models.
GMC Yukon XL (2001-present)
GMC's equivalent to the Chevrolet model was originally named "Suburban" as well, until being rebranded as "Yukon XL" for the 2001 model year.
GMC Yukon (1992-present)
The GMC Yukon) is a full-size SUV from General Motors. Chevrolet and GMC sold two different-sized SUVs under their Blazer/Jimmy model names through the early 1990s. This situation changed when GMC rebadged the full-size Jimmy as the Yukon in 1991. Chevrolet waited until 1994 to rebadge the redesigned mid-size S-10 Blazer as the Blazer, renaming the full-size Blazer as the Tahoe. The name Yukon refers to the Yukon territory of northern Canada. For the 1995 model year, the Tahoe and Yukon gained a new 4-door model slotting in size between the 2-door models and the longer wheelbase and higher passenger capacity to up to nine passengers like the Chevrolet Suburban and newly named Yukon XL.
GMC Acadia (2007-present)
The GMC Acadia is a mid-size crossover SUV from GMC. The first generation GMC Acadia shared the GM Lambda platform with the Chevrolet Traverse, and Buick Enclave. The Acadia went on sale in 2006 as a 2007 model in the United States, Canada and Mexico. The Acadia replaces three of the 7- or 8-seater vehicles on the Pontiac-Buick-GMC dealership network, the mid-size GMC Safari van, the GMC Envoy, and the Pontiac Montana SV6 minivan for the domestic market. As of 2009, the Lambda vehicles have replaced the Buick Rainier, Buick Rendezvous, and the Buick Terraza, and then subsequently the GMC Envoy and the Chevrolet TrailBlazer.
GMC Envoy (1998-2009)
The GMC Envoy is a mid-size SUV that was produced by General Motors. It was introduced for the 1998 model year. After the first generation Envoy was discontinued after the 2000 model year, but the Envoy was reintroduced and redesigned for the 2002 model year, and it was available in the GMC line of vehicles from the 2002 to 2009 model years.
The Envoy nameplate had previously used by GM in Canada during the 1960s that was sold only at Chevrolet and Oldsmobile dealers.
GMC Terrain (2010-present)
The GMC Terrain is a crossover SUV by American manufacturer General Motors. The Terrain is built on GM's Theta platform, like the Chevrolet Equinox. It replaced the Pontiac Torrent which was often sold in the same dealerships prior to GM dropping the Pontiac brand.
GMC Canopy Express (1920s-1955)
1951 GMC Canopy Expres
A Canopy express is a light-duty cargo van based on the chassis of a panel truck. Canopy express vehicles have open display areas behind the driver's seat commonly used for peddling vegetables and fruit, but also used for other kinds of deliveries that require easy access, such as newspapers and radio equipment.
Canopy express trucks evolved as a more stylized version of standard pickup trucks that contained open canopies installed over the pickup bed. They were built by Dodge, General Motors, and International Harvester as well as other manufacturers. Ford Canopy Express trucks were merely aftermarket conversions of their existing panel trucks.
Keep Your Car Looking New
GMC Vehicles Through the Years
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