Established as A.L.F.A. ("Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili" aka (Anonymous Lombard Automobile Factory), June 24, 1910, in Milan — and active in auto racing since 1911.
The organization was owned by Italian state holding organization Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale from 1932 and 1986, when it became a member of the Fiat group. In February 2007, the Alfa Romeo label became
Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A., a part of
Fiat Group Automobiles, now known as Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Italy. The organization that became Alfa Romeo was established in 1906 as Società Anonima Italiana Darracq (SAID) by the French auto firm of Alexandre Darracq, with local Italian investors. In late 1909, the Italian Darracq autos were selling very slowly and the Italian partners of the organization contracted Giuseppe Merosi to design new autos. On June 24, 1910, a new organization was established named A.L.F.A., still in association with Darracq. The initial non-Darracq auto delivered by the organization was the 1910 24 HP, a Merosi design. The first non-Darracq car produced by the company was the 1910 24 HP, designed by Merosi.
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A.L.F.A. ventured into
auto racing, with drivers Franchini and Ronzoni contending in the 1911 Targa Florio with a pair of 24-hp models. In August 1915, the organization went under the leadership of Neapolitan business person Nicola Romeo, who changed over the production line to deliver military equipment for the Italian and Allied war endeavors. In 1920, the name of the organization was changed to Alfa Romeo with the first car to be badged was the the Torpedo 20-30 HP. In 1921, the Banca Italiana di Sconto, which sponsored the Ing. Nicola Romeo and Co, became bankrupt and the government was expected to support the industrial organizations involved, among which was Alfa Romeo, organized through the "Consorzio per Sovvenzioni sui Valori Industrial".
In 1925, the railroad activities were isolated from the Romeo organization, and in 1928, Nicola Romeo left. During 1933, the state ownership was reorganized under the the Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale (IRI) banner by the Benito Mussolini government administration, which then had effective control. The organization attempted to return to profitability soon after the Second World War, and switched to mass-producing little vehicles as opposed to hand-building luxury models.
In 1954, the company developed the Alfa Romeo Twin Cam motor, engine stayed in production until 1994. Amid the 1960s and 1970s, Alfa Romeo created several sports cars, however the Italian government parent organization, Finmeccanica, struggled to become profitable, so in 1986 it sold the brand to the Fiat Group. Alfa Romeo has successfully competed in Grand Prix racing, Formula One, sportscar racing, touring auto racing, and rallies. It has competed as both a manufacturer and a supplier of engines, by means of works entries (normally using the name Alfa Corse or Autodelta), along with private entries.
Their race car was created in 1913, three years after the establishment of the organization, and Alfa Romeo won the inaugural world championship title for Grand Prix cars in 1925. The organization gained a good reputation in motorsport, which provided a sporty image to the entire brand. In 1929, Enzo Ferrari established the Scuderia Ferrari racing team as an Alfa Romeo racing team, before turning independent in 1939. The company holds the world's title of the most wins of any brand in the world.
Alfa Romeo 2000 (1958-1962)
The Alfa Romeo 2000 (officially known as Tipo 102, Italian for Type 102) is a luxury car produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 1958 and 1962, as a successor to the 1900 Super. It was replaced in 1962 by the Alfa Romeo 2600.
Alfa Romeo 6C (1927-1954)
The Alfa Romeo 6C name was used on road, race, and sports cars produced between 1927 and 1954 by Alfa Romeo; the "6C" name refers to six cylinders of the car's straight-six engine. Bodies for these cars were made by coachbuilders such as James Young, Zagato, Touring, Castagna, and Pininfarina. Starting from 1933 there was also a 6C version with a factory Alfa body, built in Portello.
Alfa Romeo 147 (2000-2010) compact
The Alfa Romeo 147 (Type 937) is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo from 2000 to 2010. The 147 was voted European Car of the Year in 2001.
The 147 was launched at the Turin Motor Show in June 2000 as a replacement for the Alfa Romeo 145 and 146 hatchbacks, and is based on the running gear of the larger 156 saloon.
The Alfa Romeo Giulietta (Tipo 750 and Tipo 101, meaning "Type 750" and "Type 101") was a family of automobiles made by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1954 to 1965 which included a 2+2 coupé, four-door saloon, estate, spider, Sprint, and Sprint Speciale. The 2+2 was Alfa Romeo's first successful foray into the 1.3-litre class. From 1954 to 1965 a total of 177,690 Giuliettas were made, the great majority in saloon (Berlina), Sprint coupé, or Spider body styles, but also as Sprint Speciale and Sprint Zagato coupés, and the rare Promiscua estate.
The Alfa Romeo Giulietta (Type 940) is a subcompact executive car (C-segment) produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo. Giulietta production started towards the end of 2009 and the model was introduced at the March 2010 Geneva Motor Show. In a viability plan forwarded to the US Government in February 2009, Chrysler (a partner of Alfa Romeo parent company Fiat) reported that the 147 replacement would come to market as the Milano and that it could be built in the USA
Alfa Romeo Giulia 952 (2016-present) Compact
The Alfa Romeo Giulia (Type 952) is a compact executive car produced by the Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo. It was unveiled in June 2015, with market launch scheduled for February 2016, and it is the first saloon offered by Alfa Romeo after the production of the 159 ended in 2011
Alfa Romeo GTV and Spider (1994-2006) Sports
The Alfa Romeo GTV (Type 916) and Alfa Romeo Spider were two sports cars produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1993 to 2004. The GTV is a 2+2 coupé, and the Spider is a two-seater roadster version of the GTV. Around 39,000 Spiders and 41,700 GTVs were built.
The GTV's name (Gran Turismo Veloce—English: Fast Grand Touring) placed it as the successor to the long-discontinued Alfetta GTV coupé, whereas the Spider was effectively the replacement for the then 30-year-old 105-series Giulia Spider. The GTV was available until the launch of the Brera in 2005, while the Spider lasted another year until the launch of its Brera-based successor in 2006.
Alfa Romeo 4C (2013-present) Sports
The Alfa Romeo 4C (Type 960) is a mid-engined, lightweight, rear-wheel drive sports car. Available in coupé and spider body style, it uses a carbon fiber tub, front and rear crash box, and hybrid rear subframe mainly out of aluminum to keep weight at 895 kilograms (1,973 lb) and 1,050 kilograms (2,315 lb) in the United States. The 4C is Alfa Romeo's first mass-produced vehicle of the 21st century to re-enter the North American automotive market.
Alfa Romeo Stelvio (2016-present)
The Stelvio was unveiled at the 2016 Los Angeles Auto Show. The Stelvio is Alfa Romeo's first production SUV that competes in the same category as the Porsche Macan, Jaguar F-Pace, Audi Q5 and BMW X3.
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Alfa Romeo Motor Cars Through the Years
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