2019 Buick Enclave mid-size crossover SUV


Buick Motor Cars Through the Years

GM Brands

A Pictorial Glimpse of Buick Motor Cars

Established in 1902, and among the most seasoned vehicle brands on the planet. It began as the Buick Motor Company, an independent auto maker, and was incorporated by Scottish David Dunbar Buick in Detroit, Michigan on May 19, 1903. The first two Buick autos were manufactured in 1899 and 1900 by Walter Marr, chief-engineer however David Buick was hesitant to start making cars, being happy with stationary and production of marine engines, so Marr left Buick in 1901 to establish his own car organization under his own name. Eugene Richard, was his replacement who in 1902 applied for a patent for Marr's valve-in-head motor, which patent, number 771,095, was granted to Richard fin 1904 in the name of Buick This was first overhead valve internal combustion motor in the world, despite the fact that it was called "valve-in-head" in light of the fact that the cylinders were level so the valves were not really "overhead." In 1903, the third Buick car was made, this time by Richard, yet Buick moved to Flint, Michigan in 1904, and Richard remained behind. Marr was rehired as the chief engineer at Flint, to begin producing cars. That year, 37 Buick vehicles were manufactured and in 1905,production increased to 750, in 1906, 1,400,in 1906, 4,641 and 8,800 in 1908, grabbing the number one spot from close contenders Oldsmobile, Ford, and Maxwell.

David Dunbar Buick incorporated his organization on May 19, 1903 as the Buick Motor Company , in Detroit, Michigan. In March, 1904, the organization was acquired by Benjamin Briscoe, who turned around and sold it to James H. Whiting proprietor of Flint Wagon Works, in Flint, Michigan. That mid year, Whiting moved Buick to Flint to an area across the road from his manufacturing plant, with an idea to add Buick's motors to his wagons. David Buick remained as manager, and re-employed Walter Marr as chief engineer. The motor Buick and Marr produced for this car was a 2-cyinder valve-in-head motor of 159 cubic inches, with every cylinder horizontal and opposed one another by 180 degrees. Whiting constructed just a couple cars in 1904, by bringing Buick motors back across the road where his employees shoehorned them into his wagons, before coming up short on money, making him seek William C. Durant in 1904 as controlling investor. Durant was also co-owner, of the Durant-Dort Carriage Company, which was the biggest carriage-producing organization in the country. Durant put in the following 4 years transforming Buick into the greatest selling car brand in the United States. David Buick sold his stock upon in 1906 upon leaving, and passed away in unassuming conditions half a century later. In 1907, Durant consented to supply engines to R. S. McLaughlin in Canada, a car manufacturer, and in 1908 he established General Motors.

Buick Videos

See David Buick's Marvelous Motor Car: The men and the automobile that launched General Motors

Buick Full Size

Master Six - 1916-1929 - B-Platform

1916 Buick 1916 Buick The Buick Master Six was built from 1925 to 1928. Before then, Buick was using the six-cylinder 242 engine in their high-end cars and a four-cylinder engine in their smaller, less-expensive cars, but for 1925, they dropped the four-cylinder engine and designed a small six, which they called the Standard 6, to replace that end of the market. They coined the name "Master Six" for the high-end cars, now powered by the 255 engine released the year before.

Buick Roadmaster (1936–1958, 1991-1996)

1940 Buick Pickup 1941 Buick 1957 Buick Roadmaster The Roadmaster was built by Buick from 1936 to 1958, and again from 1991 to 1996. Roadmasters produced between 1936 and 1958 were built on Buick's longest non-limousine wheelbase and shared their basic structure with entry-level Cadillac and, after 1940, senior Oldsmobiles. Between 1946 and 1957 the Roadmaster served as Buick's flagship.

Buick Special (1936–1958, 1961–1969. Trim Level starting after 1970)

1935 Buick Series 50 1936 Buick Special 40 1937 Buick Special 40 1939 Buick 1940 Buick Phaeton 1954 Buick 1955 Buick 1958 Buick Special 1963 Buick Special The Buick Special was  was usually Buick's lowest-priced model, starting out as a full-size car in 1936 and returning in 1938 (after a two-year hiatus) as a mid-size. By 1970, Special was no longer offered as a standalone model but the name would later be used for the entry trim on 1975 to 1979 and 1991 to 1996 Century models.

Buick Series 60 - 1930 to 1935 and Century 1954 to 1958, and from 1973 to 2005 as a mid-size

1931 Buick 1931 Buick 1942 Buick Century Originally, the Series 60 had a six-cylinder 331.4 cu in (5,431 cc) engine, developing 99 bhp (74 kW) at 2,800 rpm. It had, at the beginning of the generation, a full-length running board denoting the top model for Buick at the time. In 1930, GM built 38,180 cars. The bodystyles available were torpedo, sedan, coupe, and roadster convertible, using GM's "B-body" platform.

Buick Super (1939–1958)

1948 Buick Super 1949 Buick Super The Buick Super is a full-sized automobile produced from the 1940 through the 1958 model years (excluding WW II). It was built on Buick's larger body shared with the Roadmaster and was replaced by the Riviera in 1964. Super returned as a performance trim level on V8-powered LaCrosse and Lucerne sedans from 2008 until 2011.

Buick Electra (1959–1990)

1980 Buick Electra The Buick Electra is a full-size luxury car that was built from 1959 to 1990. Harlow H. Curtice, former president of the Buick division and later president of General Motors, named the car after his sister-in-law, Electra Waggoner Biggs. During its more than 30-year run, Electra was offered in varying body styles including coupe, convertible, sedan, and station wagon. It was rear-wheel drive from 1959 to 1984 and then converted to front-wheel drive (except station wagon) in 1985. The Electra was replaced by the Buick Park Avenue in 1991.

Buick LaCrosse (2005-present)

2015 Buick LaCrosse The Buick LaCrosse was initially a mid-size, then a full-size sedan after 2010. The LaCrosse is now in its third generation, slotted above the Buick Regal as the brand's flagship sedan. The first generation LaCrosse replaced the Century and Regal in North America beginning in the 2005 model year, serving as the brand's mid-size car. The automobile was originally sold as the Buick Allure in Canada. For 2010, the LaCrosse was completely redesigned and moved upmarket as a large premium sedan. The model was redesigned again for 2017.

Buick Park Avenue, LaSabre, Lucerne

1990 Buick LeSabre 2000 Buick LeSabre 2003 Buick Park Avenue The Buick Park Avenue is a full-size car with the nameplate first used in 1975 for an appearance option package on the Electra 225 Limited. It became an Electra trim level in 1978 and its own model starting in 1990 (1991 model year) after the Electra was discontinued.
Buick Mid-Size

Buick Regal (1973–2004, 2011–present)

1973 Buick Regal 1990 Buick Regal 2012 Buick Regal GS The Buick Regal is an upscale mid-sized automobile that was first introduced by Buick for the 1973 model year. North American production ended in 2004 and began again in 2011. For the 2011 model year, Buick re-introduced the Regal to the North American market, positioned as an upscale sports sedan. Production and sales in China have continued since 1999.
Compact Buick

Buick Skylark (1961-1979)

1971 Buick Skylark The Buick Skylark is a passenger car produced by Buick. The model was made in six production runs, during 46 years, over which the car's design varied dramatically due to changing technology, tastes and new standards implemented over the years.

Buick Apollo (1973–1975)

1973 Buick Apollo The Buick Apollo is a compact car that was manufactured from 1973 to 1975 by Buick. It was based on the GM X platform along with the Oldsmobile Omega, Chevrolet Nova, and the Pontiac Ventura. The car was named for the Greek God Apollo. It was powered by a 250 inch Chevrolet inline six or an optional 350 in Buick V8, available with either a two- or four-barrel carburetor.

Buick SkyHawk (1975–1980), (1982–1989)

1977 Buick Skyhawk The Buick Skyhawk was produced in two generations. The first generation (1975-1980) were two-door hatchbacks using the subcompact, rear-wheel drive H-body platform, a badge engineered entry-level version of the Chevrolet Monza, which was based on the Chevrolet Vega.

The second generation (1982-1989) models were built on the compact, front-wheel drive J-car platform that was available in four body styles: two-door sedan and hatchback, as well as four-door sedan and station wagon — manufactured alongside its rebadged variants, the Chevrolet Cavalier, Cadillac Cimarron, Oldsmobile Firenza, and Pontiac J2000/2000/Sunbird.

Buick Verano (2010–present)

2019 Buick Verano The Verano—along with the Buick Excelle GT, which was developed for the Chinese market and produced in China and the European Opel Astra / UK Vauxhall Astra sedan, which was presented at the 2012 Moscow International Automobile Salon—shares General Motors' Delta II platform with the Chevrolet Cruze and the corresponding MPV models, Chevrolet Orlando and Opel/Vauxhall Zafira Tourer.

Buick Personal Luxury

Buick Riviera (1963-1999)

1963 Buick Riveria 1964 Buick Riveria 1965 Buick Riveria 1966 Buick Riveria 1975 Buick Riveria 1989 Buick Riveria The Buick Riviera is a personal luxury car produced by Buick from 1963 to 1999. The Riviera was highly praised by automotive journalists upon its high-profile debut. While early models stayed close to the original form, eight subsequent generations varied substantially over the Riviera's thirty-year lifespan. In all, 1,127,261 were produced.

Buick Woodies

Buick Woodies

1933 Buick Series 50 Woodie 1940 Buick Estate Wagon 1942 Buick Woodie 1947 Buick Woodie 1947 Buick Super Woodie 1953 Buick Roadmaster Estate Wagon - Wilder PhotoArt 1976 Buick Estate Wagon The Roadmaster is the quintessential good American road trip car. It's a slightly later, non-woody version of this that stole the show in Rain Man. A trip up the PCH in a Roadmaster woodie would be just about perfect. More Woodies

Buick SUV

Buick Rainier (2003–2007)

2004 Buick Rainier CXL The Buick Rainier was a midsize SUV that was manufactured by General Motors and marketed by Buick for model years 2003-2007, replacing the Oldsmobile Bravada. It was replaced in 2008 by the Buick Enclave

Buick Enclave (2008–present)

2019 Buick Enclave The Buick Enclave is a mid-size crossover SUV first launched in 2008. The Enclave, the GMC Acadia, and Chevrolet Traverse all share the GM Lambda platform. The Enclave is partially based on the Buick Centieme concept shown at the 2003 Detroit Auto Show. The Enclave replaced both of Buick's SUVs, the minivan-based Rendezvous and the truck-based Rainier, as well as the Terraza minivan. As of February 2014, the 2014 Enclave was the top-ranked Affordable Midsize SUV in U.S. News & World Report's rankings

Buick Encore (2012-present)

2019 Buick Encore The North American version of the Opel Mokka debuted as the 2013 Buick Encore at the 2012 North American International Auto Show in Detroit on January 10, 2012 and went on sale in early 2013. The Encore, Buick's first small crossover SUV, its fourth SUV overall after the 2002 Rendezvous, 2004 Rainier, and 2008 Enclave, is available in front wheel drive (FWD) and all wheel drive (AWD) versions.

Buick Envision (2016–present)

2019 Buick Envision The Envision made its American debut at the North American International Auto Show on January 11, 2016, as a compact CUV, sharing the segment with a second generation GMC Terrain and the Chevrolet Equinox. It went on sale in the United States in the summer of 2016, making it the first Chinese-built GM vehicle to be sold in America. It was initially only offered in all-wheel drive, but front wheel drive became an option starting in the 2017 model year
Buick Concept

Buick Avenir - 2017

2017 Buick Avenir The Buick Avenir is a concept car unveiled at the 2015 North American International Auto Show as a prototypical concept study on the future of the Buick brand. It was designed in GM's Australian design facility, with its exterior design led by Warrack Leach. The name "Avenir" means "future" in French. The vehicle features a new generation direct injected V6 engine, cylinder deactivation with stop-start technology, a 12-inch touchpad infotainment system, four occupant luxury seating, full LED lighting, 4G connectivity, selectable suspension settings, 9-speed automatic transmission and a system that General Motors has referred to as a "dual clutch all wheel drive system".

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Buick Motor Cars Through the Years Reviewed by Gene Wright on . Rating: 5