Established in 1902, and among the most seasoned vehicle brands on the planet.
It began as the Buick Motor Company, an independent auto maker, and was
incorporated by Scottish David Dunbar Buick in Detroit, Michigan on May 19,
The first two Buick autos were manufactured in 1899 and 1900 by Walter Marr, chief-engineer however David Buick was hesitant to start making cars, being happy with stationary and production of marine engines, so Marr left Buick in 1901 to establish his own car organization under his own name. Eugene Richard, was his replacement who in 1902 applied for a patent for Marr's valve-in-head motor, which patent, number 771,095, was granted to Richard fin 1904 in the name of Buick This was first overhead valve internal combustion motor in the world, despite the fact that it was called "valve-in-head" in light of the fact that the cylinders were level so the valves were not really "overhead." In 1903, the third Buick car was made, this time by Richard, yet Buick moved to
Flint, Michigan in 1904, and Richard remained behind. Marr was rehired as the chief engineer at Flint, to begin producing cars. That year, 37 Buick vehicles were manufactured and in 1905,production increased to 750, in 1906, 1,400,in 1906, 4,641 and 8,800 in 1908, grabbing the number one spot from close contenders Oldsmobile, Ford, and Maxwell.
David Dunbar Buick incorporated his organization on May 19, 1903 as the Buick Motor Company , in Detroit, Michigan. In March, 1904, the organization was acquired by Benjamin Briscoe, who turned around and sold it to James H. Whiting proprietor of Flint Wagon Works, in Flint, Michigan. That mid year, Whiting moved Buick to Flint to an area across the road from his manufacturing plant, with an idea to add Buick's motors to his wagons. David Buick remained as manager, and re-employed Walter Marr as chief engineer. The motor Buick and Marr produced for this car was a 2-cyinder valve-in-head motor of 159 cubic inches, with every cylinder horizontal and opposed one another by 180 degrees. Whiting constructed just a couple cars in 1904, by bringing Buick motors back across the road where his employees shoehorned them into his wagons, before coming up short on money, making him seek William C. Durant in 1904 as controlling investor. Durant was also co-owner, of the Durant-Dort Carriage Company, which was the biggest carriage-producing organization in the country. Durant put in the following 4 years transforming Buick into the greatest selling car brand in the United States. David Buick sold his stock upon in 1906 upon leaving, and passed away in unassuming conditions half a century later. In 1907, Durant consented to supply engines to R. S. McLaughlin in Canada, a car manufacturer, and in 1908 he established General Motors.
The Buick Model B was Buick's first model. It was built in Jackson, Michigan and was introduced in 1905 at the New York Auto Show. William C. Durant introduced the car himself at the exhibit, and took new car orders at the car show. It had a 2-cylinder, horizontally opposed engine – the world's first production OHV (overhead valve) engine – installed lengthwise within the frame, had a planetary transmission, with a cone clutch and two forward speeds and one reverse gear. The engine was rated at 21 bhp. In later years, it was renamed as improvements were made.
Buick Model C (1905)
1904 Buick Model C
On its famous test run, July 9, 1904, Walter Marr and Thomas Buick (son of the company's founder, David Dunbar Buick) left Flint for Detroit to test their new automobile. In Detroit, they purchased a license for the car and returned to Flint three days later. On the return trip, they managed to average 30 miles per hour over the muddy roads.
Buick Model G (1906-1909)
1909 Buick Model G Roadster
A revised Model F Tourer and its companion, a Model G Roadster, were introduced in 1906. That year, the Chicago American and Examiner staged a 1,000-mile relay run from Chicago to New York. A Buick Model F was the only competitor to complete the event. A contemporary account notes that “stretches of bad road were rendered well nigh impassable by rainstorms…through all this struggle of a thousand miles, the Buick never failed to move forward.”
Buick Model F (1906-1910)
1908 Buick Model F Roadster
Buick Model 10 (1908-1910)
1908 Buick Model 10 Runabout
Two and four cylinder engines were used on the Buick model 10. Specifications of the Buick model 10 equipped with two cylinder water cooled engines included double opposed cylinders rated at 22 horsepower. Final drive was by chain and planetary transmission with two forward speeds and reverse. The four cylinder Buick water cooled engines were available with 18, 24 and 30 horsepower. Three speed selective transmissions were used with these four cylinder engines.
Buick Series B
1914 Buick B-25 5-passenger touring
Buick’s offerings for 1914 consisted of just a single series, the Series B, though somewhat confusingly, the Series B was made up of a variety of sub models, configurations and engine offerings. At the entry level of the catalog, the B-24 and B-25 shared a 105 inch wheelbase and a 165 cubic inch four-cylinder engine. Next in line came the B-35, B-37 and the fully enclosed B-38 coupe featured a 112-inch wheelbase with motivation coming from a slightly larger 221 cubic inch four cylinder. The flagship model was the B-55 which featured the marque’s first six cylinder engine, displacing 331 cubic inches and rated at 48 horsepower. The common thread for all Series B Buicks was the valve-in-head engine with its distinctive exposed valvetrain, and all models (with the exception of the B-38) were available as either a roadster or a handsome touring car
Buick Series D (1916)
Starting in 1916, when this generation was introduced, different models were known by a designation that changed yearly. It began as the Series D in 1916, followed by E in 1918, H in 1919, and K in 1920. Beginning with 1921 until 1924, it changed to Series 21, denoting the year, to Series 24 (for 1924). Beginning with the letter designations, the Series D had additional numeric designations for the body style, 44, 45, 46, and 47, designating touring car, roadster, sedan, and coupe
Buick Master Six (1916-1929) B-Platform
1929 Buick 5 passenger Dr's Coupe
The Buick Master Six was built from 1916 to 1929. Before then, Buick was using the six-cylinder 242 engine in their high-end cars and a four-cylinder engine in their smaller, less-expensive cars, but for 1925, they dropped the four-cylinder engine and designed a small six, which they called the Standard 6, to replace that end of the market. They coined the name "Master Six" for the high-end cars, now powered by the 255 engine released the year before.
Buick Series 40 (1930-1935)
1930 Buick Series 40 Coupe
When the Series 40 was introduced, it had a 257.5 cu in six cylinder engine that produced 80.5 bhp of power at 2,800 rpm, and 74,257 examples were made, being the highest number of Buicks for 1930. For the year 1934, the Series 40 was temporarily discontinued, with the Series 50 being the entry level product. The 1935 version was introduced with a 233.0 cu in straight-eight engine and 93 bhp.
In 1936 the name changed to "Special".
Buick Series 50 (1930-1935)
1932 Buick Series 50 Sedan
Originally the Series 50 had a 331.4 cu in six cylinder engine developing 99 bhp of power at 2,800 rpm, and Buick manufactured 28,204 cars. In 1931 the model remained almost unchanged, aside from minor appearance changes. Optionally, the model was equipped with a new 220.7 cu in straight eight-cylinder and 77 hp. With the temporary disappearance of the Series 40, Series 50 became the entry level model for Buick.
Buick Series 60 (1930-1935)
1930 Buick Series 60 Sport Roadster
1942 Buick Century
The Series 60 cars were powered by a 331 cubic-inch six-cylinder engine that produced 80 horsepower. The cars were given many amenities such as fully carpeted interiors, Fisher Vision & Ventilating windshields, internal-expanding four-wheel mechanical brakes, and Lovejoy two-way shock absorbers. The standard paint color for the Buick Series 60 cars was Premier Green.
Renamed the in 1936
Buick Series 80 (1931-1933)
1909 Buick Model G Roadster
The Series 80, which belonged to an upper category trim package, had a 344.8 cu in straight eight engine developing 104 hp at 2,800 rpm. The next year a new high performance engine was introduced developing 113 hp. In 1933, the model was completely revised. At the end of 1933 the 80 series was discontinued after 24,117 units produced.
In 1936 the model was re-introduced and changed its name to "Series 80 Roadmaster".
Buick Series 90 (1931-1935)
1931 Buick Series 90 Roadster
The predecessor to the Buick Limited was the Series 90. It had an 344.8 cu in in-line eight-cylinder engine, developing 104 bhp of power at 2,800 rpm. Due to its size, it was the top model of the Buick range, using the GM "C-body" platform shared with Cadillac. The next year the size grew and a new high performance engine was introduced developing 113 hp. In 1933 the model was completely revised. In 1934, however, the running board was shortened and the engine output increased again, reaching 116 hp. In 1935 the appearance was updated, while the mechanics remained unchanged, and Buick manufactured 43,321.
In 1936 the model changed its name to "90 Limited".
Buick Roadmaster (1936–1958),(1991-1996)
1938 Buick Roadmaster Phaeton
1940 Buick Roadmasrer Pickup
1941 Buick Roadmasrer
1957 Buick Roadmaster
1992 Buick Roadmaster
The Roadmaster was built by Buick from 1936 to 1958, and again from 1991 to 1996. Roadmasters produced between 1936 and 1958 were built on Buick's longest non-limousine wheelbase and shared their basic structure with entry-level Cadillac and, after 1940, senior Oldsmobiles. Between 1946 and 1957 the Roadmaster served as Buick's flagship.
Buick Special (1936–1958),(1961–1969)
1935 Buick Series 50
1936 Buick Special 40
1937 Buick Special 40
1940 Buick Phaeton
1958 Buick Special
1963 Buick Special
The Buick Special was was usually Buick's lowest-priced model, starting out as a full-size car in 1936 and returning in 1938 (after a two-year hiatus) as a mid-size.
By 1970, Special was no longer offered as a standalone model but the name would later be used for the entry trim on 1975 to 1979 and 1991 to 1996 Century models.
Buick Century (1936 -1958,(1973-2005) as a mid-size
2005 Buick Century
Originally, the Series 60 had a six-cylinder 331.4 cu in (5,431 cc) engine, developing 99 bhp (74 kW) at 2,800 rpm. It had, at the beginning of the generation, a full-length running board denoting the top model for Buick at the time. In 1930, GM built 38,180 cars. The bodystyles available were torpedo, sedan, coupe, and roadster convertible, using GM's "B-body" platform.
Buick Super (1939–1958)
1942 Buick Super
1948 Buick Super
1949 Buick Super
1958 Buick Super
The Buick Super is a full-sized automobile produced from the 1940 through the 1958 model years (excluding WW II). It was built on Buick's larger body shared with the Roadmaster and was replaced by the Riviera in 1964.
Super returned as a performance trim level on V8-powered LaCrosse and Lucerne sedans from 2008 until 2011.
Buick Electra (1959–1990)
1959 Buick Electra
1980 Buick Electra
1990 Buick Electra
The Buick Electra is a full-size luxury car that was built from 1959 to 1990. Harlow H. Curtice, former president of the Buick division and later president of General Motors, named the car after his sister-in-law, Electra Waggoner Biggs. During its more than 30-year run, Electra was offered in varying body styles including coupe, convertible, sedan, and station wagon. It was rear-wheel drive from 1959 to 1984 and then converted to front-wheel drive (except station wagon) in 1985. The Electra was replaced by the Buick Park Avenue in 1991.
Buick LaCrosse (2005-present)
2005 Buick LaCrosse
2010 Buick LaCrosse
2015 Buick LaCrosse
The Buick LaCrosse was initially a mid-size, then a full-size sedan after 2010. The LaCrosse is now in its third generation, slotted above the Buick Regal as the brand's flagship sedan.
The first generation LaCrosse replaced the Century and Regal in North America beginning in the 2005 model year, serving as the brand's mid-size car. The automobile was originally sold as the Buick Allure in Canada. For 2010, the LaCrosse was completely redesigned and moved upmarket as a large premium sedan. The model was redesigned again for 2017.
Buick Park Avenue, LaSabre, Lucerne
1990 Buick LeSabre
2000 Buick LeSabre
2003 Buick Park Avenue
The Buick Park Avenue is a full-size car with the nameplate first used in 1975 for an appearance option package on the Electra 225 Limited. It became an Electra trim level in 1978 and its own model starting in 1990 (1991 model year) after the Electra was discontinued.
Buick Regal (1973–2004, 2011–present)
1973 Buick Regal
1990 Buick Regal
2012 Buick Regal GS
The Buick Regal is an upscale mid-sized automobile that was first introduced by Buick for the 1973 model year. North American production ended in 2004 and began again in 2011. For the 2011 model year, Buick re-introduced the Regal to the North American market, positioned as an upscale sports sedan. Production and sales in China have continued since 1999.
Buick Skylark (1961-1979)
1961 Buick Skylark
1971 Buick Skylark
1979 Buick Skylark
The Buick Skylark is a passenger car produced by Buick. The model was made in six production runs, during 46 years, over which the car's design varied dramatically due to changing technology, tastes and new standards implemented over the years.
Buick Apollo (1973–1975)
1973 Buick Apollo
1974 Buick Apollo
1975 Buick Apollo
The Buick Apollo is a compact car that was manufactured from 1973 to 1975 by Buick. It was based on the GM X platform along with the Oldsmobile Omega, Chevrolet Nova, and the Pontiac Ventura. The car was named for the Greek God Apollo.
It was powered by a 250 inch Chevrolet inline six or an optional 350 in Buick V8, available with either a two- or four-barrel carburetor.
Buick SkyHawk (1975–1980), (1982–1989)
1977 Buick Skyhawk
1986 Buick Skyhawk
1989 Buick Skyhawk
The Buick Skyhawk was produced in two generations.
The first generation (1975-1980) were two-door hatchbacks using the subcompact, rear-wheel drive H-body platform, a badge engineered entry-level version of the Chevrolet Monza, which was based on the Chevrolet Vega.
The second generation (1982-1989) models were built on the compact, front-wheel drive J-car platform that was available in four body styles: two-door sedan and hatchback, as well as four-door sedan and station wagon — manufactured alongside its rebadged variants, the Chevrolet Cavalier, Cadillac Cimarron, Oldsmobile Firenza, and Pontiac J2000/2000/Sunbird.
Buick Verano (2010–present)
2010 Buick Verano
2015 Buick Verano
2019 Buick Verano
The Verano—along with the Buick Excelle GT, which was developed for the Chinese market and produced in China and the European Opel Astra / UK Vauxhall Astra sedan, which was presented at the 2012 Moscow International Automobile Salon—shares General Motors' Delta II platform with the Chevrolet Cruze and the corresponding MPV models, Chevrolet Orlando and Opel/Vauxhall Zafira Tourer.
Buick Personal Luxury
Buick Riviera (1963-1999)
1963 Buick Riveria
1964 Buick Riveria
1965 Buick Riveria
1966 Buick Riveria
1975 Buick Riveria
1989 Buick Riveria
The Buick Riviera is a personal luxury car produced by Buick from 1963 to 1999.
The Riviera was highly praised by automotive journalists upon its high-profile debut. While early models stayed close to the original form, eight subsequent generations varied substantially over the Riviera's thirty-year lifespan. In all, 1,127,261 were produced.
1933 Buick Series 50 Woodie
1940 Buick Estate Wagon
1942 Buick Woodie
1947 Buick Woodie
1949 Buick Super Woodie
1953 Buick Roadmaster Estate Wagon
1976 Buick Roadmaster Estate Wagon
The Roadmaster is the quintessential good American road trip car. It's a slightly later, non-woody version of this that stole the show in Rain Man. A trip up the
PCH in a Roadmaster woodie would be just about perfect.
The Buick Rainier was a midsize SUV that was manufactured by General Motors and marketed by Buick for model years 2003-2007, replacing the Oldsmobile Bravada.
It was replaced in 2008 by the Buick Enclave
Buick Enclave (2008–present)
2008 Buick Enclave
2015 Buick Enclave
2019 Buick Enclave
The Buick Enclave is a mid-size crossover SUV first launched in 2008. The Enclave, the GMC Acadia, and Chevrolet Traverse all share the GM Lambda platform. The Enclave is partially based on the Buick Centieme concept shown at the 2003 Detroit Auto Show.
The Enclave replaced both of Buick's SUVs, the minivan-based Rendezvous and the truck-based Rainier, as well as the Terraza minivan. As of February 2014, the 2014 Enclave was the top-ranked Affordable Midsize SUV in U.S. News & World Report's rankings
Buick Encore (2012-present)
2013 Buick Encore
2015 Buick Encore
2019 Buick Encore
The North American version of the Opel Mokka debuted as the 2013 Buick Encore at the 2012 North American International Auto Show in Detroit on January 10, 2012 and went on sale in early 2013. The Encore, Buick's first small crossover SUV, its fourth SUV overall after the 2002 Rendezvous, 2004 Rainier, and 2008 Enclave, is available in front wheel drive (FWD) and all wheel drive (AWD) versions.
Buick Envision (2016–present)
2016 Buick Envision
2018 Buick Envision
2019 Buick Envision
The Envision made its American debut at the North American International Auto Show on January 11, 2016, as a compact CUV, sharing the segment with a second generation GMC Terrain and the Chevrolet Equinox. It went on sale in the United States in the summer of 2016, making it the first Chinese-built GM vehicle to be sold in America. It was initially only offered in all-wheel drive, but front wheel drive became an option starting in the 2017 model year
Buick MPV / Minivan
Buick Terraza (2005-2007)
The Buick Terraza is a luxury minivan that was marketed by Buick from 2005 through 2007 model years. The Terraza was a badge engineered variant of the Chevrolet, Pontiac, and Saturn minivans sharing the U platform; (Uplander, Montana SV6, and Relay respectively) in Doraville, Georgia.
The Terraza retailed at US$28,110 in 2005. The Buick debuted with one engine, a 3.5 L High Value V6 that generates 200 hp (149 kW) and 220 lb·ft (298 N·m) of torque, going from 0-60 mph in the 9-second range. For 2006, a 3.9 L LZ9 V6, with 240 hp (179 kW) and 240 lb·ft (332 Nm) torque. It offered leather seats, and a wood trim on the panels and also offered on the steering wheel and gear shift knob.
Buick Velite (2012-2019)
The Buick Velite (Chevrolet Volt) is a plug-in hybrid car manufactured by General Motors, also marketed in rebadged variants as the Holden Volt in Australia and New Zealand, Buick Velite 5 in China, and with a different fascia as the Vauxhall Ampera in the United Kingdom and as the Opel Ampera in the remainder of Europe. Volt production ended in February 2019
1954 Buick Wildcat II Concept
009 Buick Black Hawk
Buick Avenir - 2017
2017 Buick Avenir
The Buick Avenir is a concept car unveiled at the 2015 North American International Auto Show as a prototypical concept study on the future of the Buick brand. It was designed in GM's Australian design facility, with its exterior design led by Warrack Leach.
The name "Avenir" means "future" in French. The vehicle features a new generation direct injected V6 engine, cylinder deactivation with stop-start technology, a 12-inch touchpad infotainment system, four occupant luxury seating, full LED lighting, 4G connectivity, selectable suspension settings, 9-speed automatic transmission and a system that General Motors has referred to as a "dual clutch all wheel drive system".
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1970 Buick Skylark Model Shown
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Buick Motor Cars Through the Years
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