Established in 1902, and among the most seasoned vehicle brands on the planet.
It began as the Buick Motor Company, an independent auto maker, and was
incorporated by Scottish David Dunbar Buick in Detroit, Michigan on May 19,
The first two Buick autos were manufactured in 1899 and 1900 by Walter Marr, chief-engineer however David Buick was hesitant to start making cars, being happy with stationary and production of marine engines, so Marr left Buick in 1901 to establish his own car organization under his own name. Eugene Richard, was his replacement who in 1902 applied for a patent for Marr's valve-in-head motor, which patent, number 771,095, was granted to Richard fin 1904 in the name of Buick This was first overhead valve internal combustion motor in the world, despite the fact that it was called "valve-in-head" in light of the fact that the cylinders were level so the valves were not really "overhead." In 1903, the third Buick car was made, this time by Richard, yet Buick moved to
Flint, Michigan in 1904, and Richard remained behind. Marr was rehired as the chief engineer at Flint, to begin producing cars. That year, 37 Buick vehicles were manufactured and in 1905,production increased to 750, in 1906, 1,400,in 1906, 4,641 and 8,800 in 1908, grabbing the number one spot from close contenders Oldsmobile, Ford, and Maxwell.
David Dunbar Buick incorporated his organization on May 19, 1903 as the Buick Motor Company , in Detroit, Michigan. In March, 1904, the organization was acquired by Benjamin Briscoe, who turned around and sold it to James H. Whiting proprietor of Flint Wagon Works, in Flint, Michigan. That mid year, Whiting moved Buick to Flint to an area across the road from his manufacturing plant, with an idea to add Buick's motors to his wagons. David Buick remained as manager, and re-employed Walter Marr as chief engineer. The motor Buick and Marr produced for this car was a 2-cyinder valve-in-head motor of 159 cubic inches, with every cylinder horizontal and opposed one another by 180 degrees. Whiting constructed just a couple cars in 1904, by bringing Buick motors back across the road where his employees shoehorned them into his wagons, before coming up short on money, making him seek William C. Durant in 1904 as controlling investor. Durant was also co-owner, of the Durant-Dort Carriage Company, which was the biggest carriage-producing organization in the country. Durant put in the following 4 years transforming Buick into the greatest selling car brand in the United States. David Buick sold his stock upon in 1906 upon leaving, and passed away in unassuming conditions half a century later. In 1907, Durant consented to supply engines to R. S. McLaughlin in Canada, a car manufacturer, and in 1908 he established General Motors.
The Buick Regal is an upscale mid-sized automobile that was first introduced by
Buick for the 1973 model year. North American production ended in 2004 and began
again in 2011. For certain model years between 1973 and 2004, the Regal shared bodies and powertrains with the similar Buick Century.
Buick Regal 1st generation (1973–1977)
1973 Buick Regal
1974 Buick Regal Coupe
1975 Buick Regal Coupe
1976 Buick Regal Coupe
1977 Buick Regal Coupe
A highly trimmed, two-door coupe, the first Regal shared its front and rear styling with its Century parent with distinctions amounting to differing grilles and taillight lenses. The Regal shared the same "Colonnade" pillared hardtop roofline (a hardtop with B-pillars (center pillars) but frameless doors unlike a sedan body) and greenhouse (window area) with the Grand Prix, Monte Carlo, and Cutlass Supreme as well as the lower-priced Buick Century Luxus coupe. Like its corporate cousins, the Regal (and Luxus) featured the newly fashionable opera windows, which were small fixed rear-side windows surrounded by sheetmetal, instead of the traditional roll-down windows.
Buick Regal 2nd generation (1978–1987)
1978 Buick Regal Coupe
1979 Buick Regal Coupe
1980 Buick Regal Coupe
1981 Buick Regal Coupe
1982 Buick Regal Sport Coupe
1983 Buick Regal Sport Coupe
1984 Buick Regal Limited Sedan
1985 Buick Regal T Type
1986 Buick Regal T Type
1987 Buick Regal T Type
A downsized Regal appeared for the 1978 model year with Buick's new 196 cu in V6 engine as standard equipment and a revised version of the venerable 231 cu in V6 as an option (which became standard for 1980). Initially, a three-speed manual transmission was standard but this was later replaced by an automatic. At the time of introduction, Regals were available exclusively as coupés with the Century nameplate applied to bread-and-butter sedans and station wagons. In January 1982 the Century was replaced by an all-new car on the front-wheel drive A platform, which meant that the Regal gained a four-door sedan and five-door station wagon - essentially facelifted and rebadged versions of the previous year's rear-wheel drive Century.
Buick Regal 3rd generation (1988–1996)
1988 Buick Regal Coupe
1989 Buick Regal Coupe
1990 Buick Regal
1995 Buick Regal Limited Sedan
1996 Buick Regal Limited Sedan
A new Regal appeared in October 1987 on the GM W platform as the first vehicle on that platform; this generation ran with few changes for nine years. Though the new Regal returned to Buick's original concept in being offered only as a coupe and in being aimed once again squarely at the personal luxury buyer, it departed from tradition in being the first front-wheel drive model, and in having no serious performance option or edition. Neither a V8 engine nor a turbocharged V6 was offered; the only engine available for 1988 was the Chevrolet 2.8 L V6, producing 125 hp.
Buick Regal 4th generation (1997–2004)
1997 Buick Regal
1998 Buick Regal
2002 Buick Regal LS
2003 Buick Regal
2004 Buick Regal
For the 1997 model year, the Century and Regal once again rode upon the same platform; the revised W platform that was shared with the Oldsmobile Intrigue, the Pontiac Grand Prix, the Chevrolet Lumina and Chevrolet Monte Carlo. The Regal coupe was discontinued.
Differences between the Regal and Century were mostly cosmetic. As the upmarket version, the Regal offered larger engines and fancier trim, and once again boasted a newer version of the 3.8 L V6. While the Century was mainly a reliable, economy-minded car based upon the W-body,
Buick Regal 5th generation (2011–present)
2011 Buick Regal GS
2012 Buick Regal GS
2013 Buick Regal
2014 Buick Regal GS
2015 Buick Regal
2016 Buick Regal GS
2017 Buick Regal GS
2018 Buick Regal Sportback
2019 Buick Regal Avenir
For the 2011 model year, Buick re-introduced the Regal to the North American
market, positioned as an upscale sports sedan. Production and sales in China
have continued since 1999.
The fifth-generation Buick Regal is a four-door, five-passenger, midsized sedan with a front engine, front-wheel drive layout. GM says that the Regal is helping General Motors attract new, younger customers to the Buick brand. According to GM published information, more than 41% of Regal buyers in the US are coming from non-General Motors brands, and more than 60% of CXL Turbo buyers are under the age of 55
On April 4, 2017, an all-new sixth generation Buick Regal was introduced at GM's Design Dome in Warren, Michigan as a 2018 model in both liftback and station wagon versions. Buick Regal began sales in China on July 21, 2017. Similar to the previous generation, it is related to the Opel and Vauxhall Insignia sold in Europe and Holden ZB Commodore in Australia, and like the previous generation, the vehicles were developed and are produced in Germany.
Buick Skylark (1961-1998)
The Buick Skylark was produced over six production runs, during 46 years, over which the car's design varied dramatically due to changing technology, tastes and new standards implemented over the years.
Skylark production ended on December 4, 1997. The Skylark production line in Lansing was retooled to build the 2000–2003 Chevrolet Malibu.
Buick Skylark (1953-1954)
1953 Buick Skylark
1954 Buick Skylark
Created to mark Buick's 50th anniversary, the Roadmaster Skylark joined the Oldsmobile 98 Fiesta and Cadillac Series 62 Eldorado as top-of-the-line, limited-production specialty convertibles introduced in 1953 by General Motors to promote its design leadership. Of the three, the Skylark's run of 1,690 units proved the most successful, and an amazing sales feat considering the car's 1953 list price of slightly in excess of US$5,000 was over 50% more than the well-equipped US$3,200 Roadmaster convertible on which it was based. Nevertheless, many languished in dealer showrooms and were eventually sold at discount.
Buick Skylark (1961-1963)
1961 Buick Skylark
1962 Buick Skylark
1963 Buick Skylark
In the fall of 1960, General Motors introduced a trio of new compact cars for the 1961 model year that shared the same chassis, engines, and basic sheet metal: the Buick Special, Pontiac Tempest, and Oldsmobile F-85. The Special's styling was strongly influenced by the new corporate look shared with the larger LeSabre, Invicta, and Electra also introduced in 1961.
In the middle of the 1961 model year the Buick Special Skylark made its debut. Effectively a luxury trim level, it was based on two-door sedan (also referred to as a coupe), it featured unique Skylark emblems, taillight housings, lower-body side moldings, turbine wheel covers, and a vinyl-covered roof. 1961 Skylarks featured three Ventiports on each fender. A plush all-vinyl interior was standard, with bucket seats available as an option. Instrumentation was minimal, consisting of only a speedometer and fuel gauge.
Buick Skylark 1st generation (1964-1967)
1964 Buick Skylark
1965 Buick Skylark
1966 Buick Skylark
1967 Buick Skylark
Beginning with the 1964 model year, the dressed-up compact Skylark trim level had enough sales to merit its own separate line. Along with the lower-priced Special from which it was derived, the model moved to a new 115 in wheelbase intermediate-size chassis shared with the Oldsmobile F-85, Pontiac Tempest, and new Chevrolet Chevelle. Both Buicks had a length of 203.5 in.
Buick Skylark 2nd generation (1968-1972)
1968 Buick Skylark
1969 Buick Skylark
1970 Buick Skylark
1971 Buick Skylark
1972 Buick Skylark
The 1968 model year was one of significant change for the Buick Skylark. Although still using the same basic chassis, all of GM’s mid-sized cars adopted a policy of using two different length wheelbases. Two-door models used a shorter wheelbase of 112 in, while four-door models used a longer wheelbase of 116 in (the Buick Sport Wagon and Oldsmobile Vista Cruiser used an even longer wheelbase of 121 in). All of GM's mid-sized cars received all-new sheet metal. More Federally mandated safety features improved occupant protection and accident avoidance, including side marker lights, shoulder belts (on all models built after January 1, 1968), and parking lights that illuminated with headlights.
Buick Skylark 3rd generation (1975-1979)
1975 Buick Skylark
1976 Buick Skylark
1977 Buick Skylark
1978 Buick Skylark
1979 Buick Skylark
In the middle of the 1973 model year, Buick returned to the compact market with the Buick Apollo, using General Motors’ X-body platform, based on the Chevrolet Nova. When the car was extensively restyled for the 1975 model year, the two-door hatchback sedan (coupe) and two-door sedan (coupe) were rechristened “Skylark”, while the four-door sedan remained "Apollo". As this generation Skylark was "downsized", the next larger coupe and sedan to take the market position that the Skylark formerly occupied was the all-new Buick Regal.
Buick Skylark 4th generation (1980-1984)
1980 Buick Skylark
1981 Buick Skylark Sedan
1982 Buick Skylark Coupe
1983 Buick Skylark Sedan
1984 Buick Skylark Sedan
The 1980–1985 Skylark was Buick's badge engineered version of GM's new X-body architecture, shared with the Chevrolet Citation, Pontiac Phoenix, and Oldsmobile Omega and would bear some resemblance to the larger G-body mid-size cars. GM's X-body would also become the basis for GM's A-body mid-size cars that would be introduced as 1982 models. The new Skylark was introduced in the spring of 1979 as an early 1980 model featuring front-wheel drive, MacPherson strut front suspension and transversely mounted engine.
Buick Skylark 5th generation (1985-1991)
1985 Buick Skylark
1986 Buick Skylark Limited
1988 Buick Skylark Limited
1990 Buick Skylark
1991 Buick Skylark
For the 1985 model year, the two-door Skylark coupe was replaced by the Somerset Regal, built on the Oldsmobile-developed N-body platform. The "Somerset" name had previously been used as a trim package on the Regal. This generation of compact Buicks featured a more upscale and aerodynamic design than its predecessor, incorporating the long-hood/short-deck look popular at the time. The Pontiac-produced Iron Duke engine continued from the Skylark, but an Isuzu-sourced five-speed manual transmission replaced the four-speed as standard equipment. A new 3.0 L multi-port fuel injected Buick V6, generating 125 hp at 4900 rpm, replaced the Chevrolet-designed 2.8 L V6 and was paired only with a three-speed automatic transmission. The Somerset featured an all-digital instrument cluster.
Buick Skylark 6th generation (1992-1998)
1992 Buick Skylark
1993 Buick Skylark Limited
1996 Buick Skylark Custom Sedan
1997 Buick Skylark
1998 Buick Skylark
Radical new wedge-shaped styling appeared in 1992, with a sharply pointed grille reminiscent of 1930s Buick Special. The Skylark's new aerodynamic body had a low 0.319 coefficient of drag, compared to 0.374 for the previous version. The pointed grille appearance was used during the mid-1960s on all Buick products.
Buick Apollo (1973–1975)
1973 Buick Apollo
1974 Buick Apollo
1975 Buick Apollo
The Buick Apollo is a compact car that was manufactured from 1973 to 1975 by Buick. It was based on the GM X platform along with the Oldsmobile Omega, Chevrolet Nova, and the Pontiac Ventura. The car was named for the Greek God Apollo.
It was powered by a 250 inch Chevrolet inline six or an optional 350 in Buick V8, available with either a two- or four-barrel carburetor.
It was replaced by the Buick Skylark
Buick Skyhawk 1st generation (1975–1980)
1975 Buick Skyhawk
1977 Buick Skyhawk
1978 Buick Skyhawk
1979 Buick Skyhawk
The Buick Skyhawk was produced in two generations.
The first generation (1975-1980) were two-door hatchbacks using the subcompact, rear-wheel drive H-body platform, a badge engineered entry-level version of the Chevrolet Monza, which was based on the Chevrolet Vega.
Buick Skyhawk 2nd generation (1982–1989)
1982 Buick Skyhawk
1985 Buick Skyhawk
1986 Buick Skyhawk
1989 Buick Skyhawk
The second generation (1982-1989) models were built on the compact, front-wheel drive J-car platform that was available in four body styles: two-door sedan and hatchback, as well as four-door sedan and station wagon — manufactured alongside its rebadged variants, the Chevrolet Cavalier, Cadillac Cimarron, Oldsmobile Firenza, and Pontiac J2000/2000/Sunbird. Production of the Skyhawk ceased after the 1989 model year.
Buick Reatta (1988–1991)
1988 Buick Reatta Coupe
1989 Buick Reatta Coupe
1990 Buick Reatta Coupe
1991 Buick Reatta Convertible
The Buick Reatta is a low-volume transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive, two-door, two-seater grand tourer/sports car manufactured and marketed by Buick as a coupe (1988–1991) and convertible (1990-1991) — both featuring a 3.8 liter V6 engine and shortened version of the GM E platform, the same one that underpinned the Buick Riviera.
As Buick's first two-seater and its first convertible since the 1985 Riviera, the Reatta was manufactured in a highly specialized assembly program at the Reatta Craft Center (later known as the Lansing Craft Center) in Lansing, Michigan—achieving production of over 21,000 units in four years
Buick Verano (2010–present)
2010 Buick Verano
2015 Buick Verano
2017 Buick Verano
2018 Buick Verano
2019 Buick Verano
The Verano—along with the Buick Excelle GT, which was developed for the Chinese market and produced in China and the European Opel Astra / UK Vauxhall Astra sedan, which was presented at the 2012 Moscow International Automobile Salon—shares General Motors' Delta II platform with the Chevrolet Cruze and the corresponding MPV models, Chevrolet Orlando and Opel/Vauxhall Zafira Tourer.
Buick Cascada (2016–present)
2016 Buick Cascada
2017 Buick Cascada
2018 Buick Cascada
2019 Buick Cascada
In January 2015, the Buick Cascada was unveiled at the 2015 North American International Auto Show in January 2015. It went on sale in January 2016, and is the brand's first factory convertible since the 1991 Buick Reatta, and first two door model since the 1999 Buick Riviera. The Cascada was available in two trims, the 1SV and Premium. Additionally, the Buick is only available with the 1.6L inline 4.
It is also marketed as the Opel Cabrio in Spain, Vauxhall Cascada in the United Kingdom, the Holden Cascada in Australia and New Zealand, and the Buick Cascada in the United States and China. It is not sold in Canada.
Buick Personal Luxury
Buick Riviera 8 generations (1963-1999)
Unlike its subsequent GM E platform stablemates, the Oldsmobile Toronado and Cadillac Eldorado, the Riviera was initially a standard front engine/rear-wheel drive platform, only becoming front wheel drive starting in 1979 as part of a sweeping move in that direction by the American automobile industry.
The Buick Riviera is a personal luxury car produced by Buick from 1963 to 1999
as a successor to the Buick Super.
The Riviera was highly praised by automotive journalists upon its high-profile debut. While early models stayed close to the original form, eight subsequent generations varied substantially over the Riviera's thirty-year lifespan. In all, 1,127,261 were produced.
With sales of all coupes declining in the North American market,
Buick Riviera 1st generation (1963-1965)
1963 Buick Riveria
1964 Buick Riveria
1965 Buick Riveria
The production Riviera was introduced on October 4, 1962, as a 1963 model, Its distinctive bodyshell was unique to the marque, unusual for a GM product. It rode a cruciform frame similar to the standard Buick frame, but shorter and narrower, with a 2.0 in narrower track. Its wheelbase of 117 in and overall length of 208 in were 6.0 inches and 7.7 in shorter, respectively, than a Buick LeSabre, but slightly longer than a contemporary Thunderbird
Buick Riviera 2nd generation (1966-1970)
1966 Buick Riveria
1967 Buick Riveria
1968 Buick Riveria
1969 Buick Riveria
1970 Buick Riveria
The Riviera was redesigned for the 1966 model year. It retained its cruciform X-frame, powertrain, and brakes, but its curvaceous new body was longer, wider, and 200 pounds heavier. Vent windows, a feature GM had introduced with a flourish in the 1930s, were absent. Headlamps remained concealed, but now pivoted behind the grille when not in use. The car's added bulk slowed acceleration with the unchanged 425 engine. The Gran Sport package remained available as an option. Rear seat belts and AM/FM radio were optional.
Buick Riviera 3rd generation (1971-1973)
1971 Buick Riveria
1972 Buick Riveria
1973 Buick Riveria
The Riviera was radically redesigned for the 1971 model year with flowing and dramatic "boat-tail" styling. Designed under Bill Mitchell's direction, it was penned by Jerry Hirshberg, future head of design for Nissan, mating the two-piece vee-butted:792 fastback rear window, inspired by the 1963 Corvette Sting Ray split window coupe, to the Riviera's platform.
The design was originally intended for the smaller GM A platform, and the use of the Riviera's body—expanded for 1971 by 3 in wheelbase and more than 120 lb heavier—produced controversial looks.
Buick Riviera 4th generation (1974-1976)
1974 Buick Riveria
1975 Buick Riveria
1976 Buick Riveria
Although carrying over the same platform, mechanicals, and some body panels seen on the "Third Generation" Riviera, Buick replaced its distinctive 'boat tail' roofline with a more conventional-looking "Colonnade" treatment. This turned the car from a hardtop coupe into a pillared coupe, as it featured wide B pillars and fixed quarter opera windows. A landau half-vinyl roof option was available. The car did retain its forward-jutting grille, albeit in slightly modified form. Thus modified, the car looked far less distinctive than its predecessors, and even its platform mates, the Oldsmobile Toronado and Cadillac Eldorado.
Buick Riviera 5th generation (1977-1978)
1977 Buick Riveria
1978 Buick Riveria
Buick downsized the Riviera for 1977 onto the new smaller GM B platform. While the other E-bodies were front wheel drive since 1966 (1967 for Cadillac's Eldorado), the Buick E platform used a B-body undercarriage (along with the cruciform frame of pre-1965 GMs for the 1966–70 generation). All B-bodies (including C and D platform GM RWDs) were downsized for the 1977 model year which prompted the short-lived 1977/78 generation.
It was, in most respects, a Buick LeSabre coupe with unique styling (with quarter windows mimicking the 1975–78 Cadillac Eldorado).
Buick Riviera 6th generation (1979-1985)
1979 Buick Riveria
1980 Buick Riveria
1983 Buick Riveria
1984 Buick Riveria
1985 Buick Riveria
1979 saw the debut of the first front wheel drive Riviera. Built on a trimmer, 114 in wheelbase, it once again shared its mechanical design and platform with the Cadillac Eldorado and Oldsmobile Toronado. The Olds 403 and Buick 350 were dropped, but the Olds 350 remained, as did a new turbocharged Buick V6 of 231 cu in displacement with 185 hp. The Riviera became Motor Trend's Car of the Year. Sales more than doubled, to 52,181 for 1979 and 48,621 for the very similar 1980 models.
Buick Riviera 7th generation (1986-1993)
1986 Buick Riveria
1989 Buick Riveria
1990 Buick Riveria
1991 Buick Riveria
1992 Buick Riveria
The E-body coupes were converted to unibody construction and further downsized for 1986 to a 108 in wheelbase similar in length to that of the Buick Regal. The V6 was now the only engine, rated initially at 142 hp SAE and 200 lb⋅ft of torque. It used the Turbo-Hydramatic 440-T4 automatic with a 2.84:1 final drive ratio.
This generation was noted for advanced electronic instrumentation displayed on a dash-mounted 9-inch CRT. The CRT controlled the vehicle's climate control system and stereo, and also supplied advanced instrumentation such as a trip computer and maintenance reminder feature.
Buick Riviera 8th generation (1995-1999)
1995 Buick Riveria
1996 Buick Riveria
1997 Buick Riveria
1998 Buick Riveria
1999 Buick Riviera Silver Arrow
After a hiatus in 1994, the Riviera returned in 1995 with radical styling that departed from the previous generations' traditional image. A 205 hp naturally aspirated 3800 V6 was standard, with a supercharged version rated at 225 hp and 275 lb⋅ft available as an option. Rivieras were now built in Lake Orion, Michigan, riding the same Cadillac-derived G platform as the 4-door Oldsmobile Aurora. The very first of 41,422 Rivieras made in 1995 rolled off the assembly line on May 23, 1994.
When GM decided to discontinue the Riviera, 1999 was the car's last model year with production of 1,956 cars ceasing on November 25, 1998. The final 200 cars had special silver paint and trim, and were denoted "Silver Arrow" models, a designation which hearkened back to several Silver Arrow show cars that had been built off Riviera bodies by Bill Mitchell.
Buick Velite (2012-2019)
Buick Vlite 6
The Buick Velite (Chevrolet Volt) is a plug-in hybrid car manufactured by General Motors, also marketed in rebadged variants as the Holden Volt in Australia and New Zealand, Buick Velite 5 in China, and with a different fascia as the Vauxhall Ampera in the United Kingdom and as the Opel Ampera in the remainder of Europe. Volt production ended in February 2019
1954 Buick Wildcat II Concept
2001 Buick Black Hawk
Buick has used the name "Wildcat" for five concept vehicles, three in the early 1950s, one in 1985 and another in 1997. The 1953 Wildcat I, 1954 Wildcat II and 1955 Wildcat III were all designed under the guidance of Harley Earl. The I and II still exist today.
The 2001 Buick Blackhawk is a retro concept 2+2 convertible built by Buick in 2001. Its grille is based on 1939 Buicks and the concept car Buick Y-Job, while its main body is based on the 1948 Buick Roadmaster. It features a retractable hardtop, shaved door handles, and hidden headlights.
Buick Avenir - 2017
2017 Buick Avenir
The Buick Avenir is a concept car unveiled at the 2015 North American International Auto Show as a prototypical concept study on the future of the Buick brand. It was designed in GM's Australian design facility, with its exterior design led by Warrack Leach.
The name "Avenir" means "future" in French. The vehicle features a new generation direct injected V6 engine, cylinder deactivation with stop-start technology, a 12-inch touchpad infotainment system, four occupant luxury seating, full LED lighting, 4G connectivity, selectable suspension settings, 9-speed automatic transmission and a system that General Motors has referred to as a "dual clutch all wheel drive system".
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