CitroŽn, a French automobile manufacturer. Founded in 1919 by Andrť CitroŽn, it was the one of the world's first mass-production car company outside of the USA. Since 1976 it has been part of PSA Peugeot CitroŽn,
In 1934, CitroŽn gained its reputation for being innovative with the Traction Avant, not just the world's first mass-created front-wheel drive auto, additionally one of the first automobiles to offer a unitary body style, with no chasis frame holding the mechanical components.
In 1954 CitroŽn created the world's first hydropneumatic self-leveling suspension system, then in 1955 the then revolutionary DS, the first mass produced auto with modern disc brakes. In 1967, Citroën announced swiveling headlights in several models, providing prominent visibility on winding roads. Citroën autos have been presented worldwide and national-level honors, including three for European Car of the Year.
Citroën has a fruitful history in
motorsport, and is the only vehicle maker to have won three different official titles from the International Automobile Federation: Citroën received the World Rally Raid Championship (five times, the World Rally Championship (eight times, and the World Touring Car Championship.
In addition, CitroŽn has been offering vehicles in China since 1984, and China is a major market for the brand today, largely through the joint venture of Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën. In 2014, when PSA Peugeot Citroën ran into extreme money related challenges, the Dongfeng Motor Corporation took a stake in the ownership.
In 2009, the brand celebrated its 90th Anniversary. The showroom for Citroën's C_42 on the Champs Elysées in Paris, is where Citroën arranges a few exhibitions, demonstrates its autos and concept vehicles.
CitroŽn Early Years (1919-1933)
1919 CitroŽn Type A
1925 CitroŽn Type 5CV Type C3 Torpedo
1932 CitroŽn C4 G Roadster
The CitroŽn Type A was produced from June 1919 to December 1921 in Paris, France. It was the very first CitroŽn car ever made.
Under the designation 10 HP Type A the car had a water-cooled 1327 cc four-cylinder engine and an output of 18 hp (13 kW). Its maximum speed was 40 mph. The chassis had inverted quarter elliptic springs at the front and double quarter elliptics at the rear. Braking was on the rear wheels only controlled by a hand lever with a foot pedal operated transmission brake.
CitroŽn Traction Avant (1934-1956)
1949 CitroŽn Traction Avant
1956 CitroŽn Traction Avant
The Traction Avant pioneered mass production of two revolutionary features still in use today: four-wheel independent suspension, and front-wheel drive.
Production ceased in 1956, one year after the arrival of the DS.
CitroŽn 2CV (1948-1990)
1948 CitroŽn 2CV
1980 CitroŽn 2CV
1990 CitroŽn 2CV
The CitroŽn 2CV, "two steam horses", "two tax horsepower") is an air-cooled front-engine, front-wheel-drive economy car introduced at the 1948 Paris Mondial de l'Automobile
and manufactured by CitroŽn for model years 1948Ė1990. The 2CV featured low cost, simplicity of overall maintenance, an easily serviced air-cooled engine (originally offering 9 hp), low fuel consumption, and an extremely long-travel suspension
offering a soft ride and light off-road capability.
CitroŽn C Zero (2009-present)
2013 CitroŽn Zero
2019 CitroŽn Zero
An electric supermini/city car sold by CitroŽn, built by Mitsubishi Motors. - The Mitsubishi i-MiEV (MiEV is an acronym for Mitsubishi innovative Electric Vehicle) is a five-door hatchback electric car produced by Mitsubishi Motors, and is the electric version of the Mitsubishi i. Rebadged variants of the i-MiEV are also sold in Europe by PSA Peugeot CitroŽn (PSA) as the Peugeot iOn and CitroŽn C-Zero. The i-MiEV is the world's first modern highway-capable mass production electric car.
CitroŽn C1 (2005-present)
2005 CitroŽn C1
2019 CitroŽn C1
The CitroŽn C1 is a city car produced by the French manufacturer CitroŽn since June 2005. The C1 was developed as part of the B-Zero project by PSA Peugeot CitroŽn, in a joint venture with Toyota. The Peugeot 107 is identical to the C1, other than the front bumper and front and rear lights, while the Toyota Aygo is slightly more differentiated, but still obviously similar like its Asian made facelifted Yaris hatchback and sedan and face lifted third generation Vios.
CitroŽn C3 (2002-present)
2002 CitroŽn C3
2019 CitroŽn C3
The CitroŽn C3 is a supermini car produced by CitroŽn since April 2002. It replaced the CitroŽn Saxo in the model line up, and is currently in its third generation. The third generation model made its appearance in June 2016, and went on sale in January 2017.
It is produced in a five door hatchback body style, with the first generation also being produced in a two door convertible version, called the C3 Pluriel. A three door hatchback, with a similar design as the second generation, marketed as a premium model, is available as the DS3.
CitroŽn C4 (2004-2018)
2004 CitroŽn C4
2018 CitroŽn C4 Cactus
The CitroŽn C4 is a compact car (C-segment in Europe) produced by French automaker CitroŽn since Autumn 2004. It is currently in its second generation.
The C4 was designed to be the successor to the CitroŽn Xsara. It is mechanically similar to the Peugeot 308, which was launched in 2007. A revised version, with a new front end, reverse lights, and dashboard revisions, was launched for the 2008/09 model year.
CitroŽn C5 (2000-present)
2004 CitroŽn C 5
2019 CitroŽn C 5
The CitroŽn C5 is a large family car produced by the French manufacturer CitroŽn since March 2001, and now in its second generation. The C5 replaced the CitroŽn Xantia, in the large family car class. It is not the first CitroŽn with "Cx" naming nomenclature, as it was used by its ancestors, the C4 and C6 from 1930. The third generation is expected to be released in 2020.
CitroŽn DS (1955-1975)
1955 Citroën DS
1975 Citroën DS
The CitroŽn DS is a front-engine, front-wheel-drive executive car that was manufactured and marketed by the French company CitroŽn from 1955 to 1975 in sedan, wagon/estate and convertible body configurations. Italian sculptor and industrial designer Flaminio Bertoni and the French aeronautical engineer Andrť LefŤbvre styled and engineered the car. Paul MagŤs developed the hydropneumatic self-levelling suspension.
CitroŽn DS 5 (2011-2018)
2012 Citroën DS 5 Hatchback
2015 Citroën DS 5
The DS 5 is a compact executive hatchback which was designed and developed by the French automaker CitroŽn, and launched in the market in Europe in November 2011. It was the third model in the premium sub brand DS. Released as the CitroŽn DS5, the car was relaunched as the DS 5 in 2015, following Citroen's decision to rebadge its DS models and market them under the brand DS.
CitroŽn Eurovan - C8 (1994-2014)
2002 CitroŽn C8 Eurovan
The first generation Eurovans were marketed as the CitroŽn Evasion, Fiat Ulysse, Lancia Zeta and Peugeot 806. The second generation models were all renamed, except the Fiat Ulysse, with the nameplates now CitroŽn C8, Lancia Phedra and Peugeot 807.
2010 CitroŽn metropolis concept 5
CitroŽn has produced numerous concept cars over the decades, previewing future design trends or technologies. Notable concepts include the CitroŽn Karin (1980), CitroŽn Activa (1988), CitroŽn C-Mťtisse (2006), GT by CitroŽn (2008) and CitroŽn Survolt (2010).
Keep Your Car Looking New
Citroen Motor Cars Trough the Years
Reviewed by Gene Wright on