Daihatsu was formed in 1951 as successor organization to Hatsudoki, and by the 1960s had started exporting cars to Europe, although it did not enjoy any major sales success until well into the 1980s.
Daihatsu was an independent auto maker until Toyota became a major shareholder in 1967 as the Japanese government intended to open up the domestic market. According to Toyota, it was first approached by Sanwa Bank, banker of Daihatsu. In 1995, Toyota increased its shareholding in the Company from 16.8 percent to 33.4 percent by acquiring shares from other shareholders: banks and insurance companies. At the time, the Company was producing mini-vehicles and some small cars under contract for Toyota. Toyota, by owning more than a one-third stake, would be able to veto shareholder resolutions at the annual meeting. In 1998,
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Toyota increase its holding in the Company to 51.2 percent by purchasing shares from its major shareholders including financial institutions.
In January 2011, Daihatsu announced that it would pull out of Europe by 2013, citing the persistently strong yen, which makes it difficult for the company to make a profit from its export business. Following the financial crisis Daihatsu's sales in Europe plummeted, from 58,000 in 2007 to 12,000 in 2011. In August 2016, Daihatsu became a wholly owned subsidiary of Toyota Motor Corporation..
Daihatsu Mira (1983-present)
The Daihatsu Mira (also known as the Cuore, Domino, and more recently Charade), is a kei car-type vehicle built by the Japanese car maker Daihatsu. It comes with a variety of options and chassis variations, with the latest variant having four models: "Mira", "Mira AVY", "Mira Gino" and "Mira VAN". The Mira is the latest successor to the line of cars begun with the Daihatsu Fellow of 1966 and was originally introduced as the commercial version of the Cuore.
Outside Japan, the Mira has also been offered with an 850 cc or 1000cc engine. The name "mira" is Latin meaning "goal" or "purpose."
Daihatsu Copen (2014-present)
The Daihatsu Copen is a 2-door kei car built by the Japanese car company Daihatsu. It debuted at the 1999 Tokyo Motor Show, as the Daihatsu Copen concept. The second generation model debuted as the Kopen (Future Included) at the 2013 Tokyo Motor Show. Copen was originally designed with a 660 cc turbocharged engine in order to meet Japanese kei car regulations. However, since this engine did not meet environmental emissions standards in several other countries, the Copen was fitted with a more powerful 1.3 L non-turbo engine in these markets in 2007.
Daihatsu Rocky/Feroza SUV (1989-2002)
The Daihatsu Rocky is a mini SUV that was manufactured by Daihatsu between 1989 and 2002.
It is known as the Daihatsu "Lovibond" Rocky in Japan. In Europe and Australia, the Rocky is known as the Daihatsu Feroza as the name "Rocky" was used for the larger Rugger/Fourtrak in most countries. The name "Feroza" is also used in Latin America and Asia. It is also known as the Daihatsu Sportrak in the UK.
Daihatsu Terios 1997-present)
The Daihatsu Terios is a mini/compact SUV, first released in 1997 by Daihatsu as the successor to the Rocky/Feroza.
The "Terios" name is originated from the Old Greek word, which is roughly translated to "making dreams come true".
The first generation Terios was available as a five-door wagon, and a smaller kei car model called the Terios Kid, which was only released in Japan (see Japanese-language article Terios Kid). Model codes for the first generation were J100, J102, and J122. The Terios Kid arrived in October 1998 and continued to be built six years after the original Terios had been replaced.
Daihatsu Luxio (2009-present)
The Daihatsu Luxio is a minivan designed by Daihatsu and manufactured by Astra Daihatsu in Indonesia. It was launched in February 2009. Based on the Gran Max, Luxio was intended to be the higher-spec passenger version of it. It has a slightly wider body, taller and cosmetically different to the Gran Max. The Luxio was face lifted in February 2014.
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