A Pictorial Glimpse of Dodge Motor Cars Through the Years
Dodge is an American brand of autos, minivans, and sport utility vehicles made by FCA US LLC (in the past known as Chrysler Group LLC), situated in Auburn Hills, Michigan.
Dodge vehicles incorporate the lower-priced variations of Chrysler-badged vehicles and also performance autos, however for quite a bit of its presence Dodge was Chrysler's mid-valued brand above Plymouth.
Dodge vehicles for the most part comprised of trucks and full-sized passenger
automobiles through the 1970s, however it made a few compact cars during this
The 1973 oil emergency and its ensuing effect on the American vehicle industry drove Chrysler to create the compact to midsize car the K platform for the 1981 models. The K platform is credited with reviving Chrysler's business during the 1980s; one such derivative was the Dodge Caravan.
Dodge has weathered the many ownerships of Chrysler from 1998 to 2009, including its 1998 to 2007 fleeting merger with Daimler-Benz AG, its resulting sale to Cerberus Capital Management, its bailout by the United States government in 2009, and its ensuing Chapter 11 insolvency and Fiat acquisition.
Dodge, Ram, and Dodge's Viper brands were separated in 2009. However in 2014, SRT was again merged into Dodge. Soon thereafter, Chrysler Group was renamed FCA US LLC, comparing with the Fiat S.p.A merger. and Chrysler Group into Fiat Chrysler Automobiles single corporate structure.
Established as the Dodge Brothers Company machine shop by siblings Horace Dodge
and John Dodge in late 1900, Dodge was initially a provider of parts and
gatherings for Detroit-based automakers and in 1914 started fabricating complete
autos under the "Dodge Brothers" brand, originating before the establishing of
Chrysler Corporation. The factory was situated in Hamtramck, Michigan and was
known from 1910 until 1979 as the Dodge Main Factory. Both the Dodge brothers
died in 1920 of influenza and the organization was sold to Dillon, Read and Co.
in 1925 before being acquired by Chrysler in 1928.
Dodge Brothers developed as a leading light truck manufacturer in the 1920s. They went into an agreement to sell trucks for Graham Brothers of Evansville, Indiana. The same Graham brothers who later built
Graham-Paige and Graham cars.
Dodge Brothers, Inc., acquired a 51% in Graham Brothers, Inc., for $13 million in 1925 and the remaining 49% on May 1, 1926. All three of the Graham brothers, Joseph, Robert, and Ray, accepted administration positions in Dodge Brothers before leaving in 1927.
Dodge Brothers (1914-1928)
Dodge Fast Four (1927-1928)
The Dodge Fast Four was a model made by Dodge from 1927-1928. It came in two types, series 128 and 129.
n 1927, the Dodge Fast Four was the new mid-level car from Dodge. The Fast Four looked similar to earlier 4-cylinder Dodges, but, the body was more rounded. Standard equipment included a speedometer, an ammeter, a tool kit, and a headlight dimmer. Optional items included things like a rear bumper, a Motometer, a heater, and windshield wipers. The only real difference between the 128 and the 129 was that the 128 had 19" wheels, while the 129 had 21" wheels.
Dodge After Chrysler Acquisition in 1929
To fit better in the Chrysler Corporation lineup, next to the lower-priced Plymouth and medium-priced DeSoto, Dodge's lineup for mid 1930 was trimmed down to just two lines and thirteen models (down from three lines and nineteen models a little more than a year before). Prices began a little above DeSoto yet were to some degree not as much as top of the line Chrysler. DeSoto and Dodge swaped places in the 1933 model year, Dodge dropping to a place between Plymouth and DeSoto. As Plymouth autos were sold at Chrysler dealerships, Dodge vehicles were sold as a lower cost option to DeSoto
Dodge (1940s - early 1950s)
Models include the Custom Town Sedan. Meadowbrook, and the Custom Royal Lancer
Dodge Coronet (19491976)
The Coronet is was marketed as a full-size car in the 1950s, initially the division's highest trim line but, starting in 1955, the lowest trim line. From the 1965 to 1975 model years the name was on intermediate-sized models. A coronet is a small crown consisting of ornaments fixed on a metal ring.
Dodge Royal (1954-1959), Dodge Polara (1959-1973)
Dodge Charger First generation (19661967)
The first Charger was a show car in 1964. There have been several different production Chargers, built on three different platforms and sizes. In the U.S., the Charger nameplate has been used on subcompact hatchbacks, full-sized sedans, and personal luxury coupes. The current version is a four-door sedan.
Dodge Charger Second generation (19681970)
The Charger was redesigned for 1968, and an initial 35,000 units were slated for production. The demand was so high, however, 96,100 Dodge Chargers were actually produced. Based on the Chrysler B platform, the model years received various cosmetic changes to the exterior and interior including: an undivided grill, rounded tail lights, and hidden headlights. The powertrains were the same as the ones used in the 1967 Charger. The model was not successful in stock car racing such as NASCAR. A more aerodynamic shape formed the Charger 500 model that became the basis for the 1969 Dodge Charger Daytona.
Dodge Charger Third generation (19711974)
The third generation Charger was introduced for the 1971 model year. Chrysler's B platform was modified to meet new emissions and safety regulations. Available in six different packages with cosmetic changes that include: a split grill, semi fastback rear window, and a ducktail spoiler. The 1973 and 1974 Chargers were very similar to the 1971 with minor differences in the grill and headlamps. The increase in sales was mostly due to the elimination of the Dodge Coronet, which meant Dodge offered the two-door intermediate-size body style only as the Charger.
Dodge Charger Fourth generation (19751978)
The 1975 model year Charger continued as a B body car and was restyled. The new Charger was Dodge's attempt at moving the model into the growing personal luxury car market segment. Dodge expanded its presence in the personal luxury car market in 1978 when it produced two cars in the same class, the Charger and the Dodge Magnum. During the years this car was offered, a Daytona model was offered, featuring stripes that ran along the length of the car.
Dodge Charger Fifth generation (19821987)
The Charger returned in 1981½ as a subcompact hatchback coupe with front-wheel-drive, and a five-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission. This economy-type model was similar to the Dodge Omni 024, but with a slightly larger engine. The Charger was available with the NA 2.2l SOHC or a turbocharged 2.2l SOHC
engine. The turbo was available only with the manual transmission, unlike in the
Dodge Daytona. A Shelby Charger was offered starting in 1983, with a turbo
version available in 1984 producing 148 horsepower (110 kW) at 5600 rpm and 160
pound-feet of torque at 3200 rpm.
Dodge Charger Sixth generation (LX) (20062010)
After seventeen years of front-wheel-drive only, Dodge reintroduced the Charger in 2005 for the 2006 model year in a new form. This generation was available only as a four-door sedan using the Chrysler LX platform The design was intended to be reminiscent of the Chargers of the 1960s and 1970s and the taillights harkened back to that era, as did the new stamped hood and side panels. This generation was available with a V6 and V8 engine options coupled to automatic transmissions, as well as all-wheel drive (AWD).
The Charger received an improved interior and new exterior styling for 2011. This included new side scoops along both front and rear doors, as well as more angular headlights, aggressive new grille styling, and a more defined and aerodynamic shape overall. Most notably, the rear end adopted a more modern wrap around LED tail light spanning across nearly the entire length of the trunk. Driver visibility was improved by more than 15% addressing complaints from previous years. The side and rear styling cues are reminiscent of the 1968-1970 models.
Dodge Intrepid (1993-2004)
The Dodge Intrepid is a full sized front-wheel drive four-door sedan that was produced by Dodge for model years 1993 to 2004. It is related to the Chrysler 300M, Chrysler Concorde, Chrysler LHS, Chrysler New Yorker, and Eagle Vision which were all built on Chrysler's new "cab forward" LH platform.
The Intrepid replaced the Dodge Monaco as Dodge's largest car.
Dodge Magnum (2005-2008)
Dodge Magnum R/T is a hot rod wagon with a fold-flat floor, an angry ram out front, and a Hemi V-8 under the hood. Dodge brags that this "is the new shape of American muscle," but the swagger is vintage Dodge Dude circa 1978 Dodge Magnum XE.
It is a rear-wheel drive station wagon introduced in 2004 for the 2005 model year and produced until the end of the 2008 model year and assembled at Brampton Assembly Plant, near Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Dodge Mid Size
Dodge Avenger (1994-2014)
The Dodge Avenger is a front-wheel drive, mid-sized sedan that was built by
Dodge. The Dodge Avenger made its North American debut in 1994 as a two-door
coupe, which was produced until 2000. It was re-introduced to the market as a
four-door sports sedan starting in 2008. The 2014 model year marked the last
production for the Avenger, as models for both the Dodge and Chrysler brands
were consolidated into the single 2015 Chrysler 200 model, while Dodge received the compact Dart based on the same platform.
Dodge 600 (1982-1989)
The Dodge 600 is a mid-size car that was introduced in 1982, as a 1983 model, based on the Chrysler E platform and was discontinued after the 1988 model year. It was Chrysler's answer to the GM A-body, whereas the M-body Dodge Diplomat would compete with full-size cars. It replaced the 400. (Dodge 600 coupes and convertibles were, essentially, rebadged 400s.) Like the preceding 400, it was positioned between the Aries and Diplomat.
Dodge Aries (1981-1989)
The Plymouth Reliant and Dodge Aries were introduced for model year 1981 as the first "K-cars" manufactured and marketed by the Chrysler Corporation. As rebadged variants, the Reliant and Aries were manufactured in Newark, Delaware, Detroit, Michigan, and Toluca, Mexico in a single generation.
Dodge Aspen (1976-1980)
The Dodge Aspen, which was produced during the 1976 to the 1980 model years, was a compact car, along with its then-concurrent Plymouth branded counterpart, the Volarι (Spanish for "I will fly away" or "I will blow away", Italian for "to fly"), which was launched as a four-door wagon, a four-door sedan and a two-door coupe. By the end of their production run, the Aspen and Volarι would be considered intermediate cars.
Dodge Dart (1960-1976),(2013-present)
The Dodge Dart built from 1960 to 1976 in North America, with production extended to later years in various other markets. The Dart nameplate was resurrected for a Fiat-derived compact car introduced in 2013.
The Dart name originally appeared on a 1957 show car featuring a body designed by the Italian coachbuilder Carrozzeria Ghia. The production Dart was introduced as a lower-priced, shorter wheelbase, full-size Dodge in 1960 and 1961, became a mid-size car for 1962, and finally was a compact from 1963 to 1976.
Dodge Lancer (1955-1989)
The Dodge Lancer was initially introduced as a hardtop version of the full-sized 1955 Dodge, the original version was produced until 1959. In 1961, Dodge revived the Lancer nameplate on the compact Chrysler A platform, but this only remained in production for two model years before it was replaced by the Dodge Dart. For 1985, Dodge used the Lancer nameplate on a car based on the mid-sized Chrysler H platform, and this model remained in production until it was replaced by the Dodge Spirit in 1989.
Dodge Caliber (2007-2012)
The Dodge Caliber is a front-engine, front-wheel drive five-door compact hatchback manufactured
and marketed from model years 2007 to 2012, replacing the Dodge Neon and Chrysler PT Cruiser.
Following the Caliber concept which debuted at the 2005 Geneva Motor Show, the pre-production version debuted on at the 2006 North American International Auto Show, with market launch in March 2006.
Dodge Neon (1995-present)
The Plymouth/Dodge/Chrysler Neon is a front-engine, front-wheel drive sport compact car introduced in January 1994 for model year 1995 by Chrysler's Dodge and Plymouth divisions in two- and four-door body styles over two generations.
Marketed in Europe, Mexico, Canada, Japan, Egypt, Australia and South America as a Chrysler, the Neon was offered in multiple versions and configurations over its production life, which ended with model year 2005.
The Neon nameplate was subsequently resurrected in 2016 for the Dodge Neon, a rebadged variant of Fiat Tipo sedan for the Mexican market.
Dodge Colt (1973-1994)
The Dodge Colt were subcompact cars manufactured by Mitsubishi Motors and marketed by Dodge for model years 1971-1994 as captive imports. Badge engineered variants included the Plymouth Champ and Plymouth Colt, marketed by Plymouth.
The Colt was initially a rebadged variant of the rear-wheel drive Galant and Lancer families before shifting to the smaller front-wheel drive Mitsubishi Mirage subcompacts in 1979.
Dodge Challenger (1959-present)
The Dodge Challenger is the name of three different generations of automobiles (two of those being pony cars) produced by American automobile manufacturer Dodge. However, the first use of the Challenger name by Dodge was in 1959 for marketing a "value version" of the full-sized Coronet Silver Challenger.
From model years 1970 to 1974, the first generation Dodge Challenger pony car was built using the Chrysler E platform in hardtop and convertible body styles sharing major components with the Plymouth Barracuda.
The second generation, from model years 1978 to 1983, was a badge engineered Mitsubishi Galant Lambda, a coupe version of an economical compact car.
The third and current generation is a pony car that was introduced in early 2008 originally as a rival to the evolved fifth generation Ford Mustang and the fifth generation Chevrolet Camaro.
Dodge Viper (1991-2017)
The Dodge Viper is a sports car manufactured by Dodge (SRT for 2013 and 2014), a division of American car manufacturer FCA US LLC from 1991 through 2017, having taken a brief hiatus from 20102013. Production of the two-seat sports car began at New Mack Assembly Plant in 1991 and moved to Conner Avenue Assembly Plant in October 1995.
An interesting data point: the 1941 Ford V-8 DeLuxe woody wagon was the first factory-built Ford of any kind to break the $1,000 base price barrier.
There were woody wagons well before Ford, however - there was a 1931 Dodge Series DH Six woody station wagon, for instance. The first official factory Plymouth station wagon appeared in 1938 (the P6 DeLuxe Westchester Suburban wagon, although the bodywork was still done out-of-house by U.S. Body & Forging). Chevrolet's first woody was also a 1940 model (the Special DeLuxe).
Two significant wagon milestones were recorded during this time:
- In 1938 Dodge/Plymouth introduced the P6 Westchester Suburban, the first station wagon that was classified as a car rather than a commercial truck. This was an evolution of the earlier (1933-1937) Westchester Suburban (also built by U.S. Body & Forging Company) that was built on a Dodge 1/2-ton commercial chassis with the front clip coming from a passenger car.
- In 1941 Chrysler introduced the Town & Country station wagon, which was based on a four-door sedan (rather than being built on a separate body). Interestingly, it was originally introduced as being a more versatile car, not a station wagon.