Jeep is a American vehicle brand that is a division of FCA US LLC (in the past Chrysler Group, LLC), an entirely owned subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. In 1987, The previous Chrysler Corporation acquired the Jeep brand, alongside the rest of the assets of its previous owner, American Motors. The brand is headquartered in Toledo, Ohio. Jeep's present production comprises exclusively of sport utility and and off-road vehicles, although they have previously manufactured pickup trucks.
The original Jeep was the model Bantam BRC. In 1941, Willys MB Jeeps went into production specifically for the military, obviously making them the most seasoned four-wheel drive large mass-produced vehicles now known as SUVs. The Jeep was the primary light 4-wheel-drive vehicle of the U.S. Army and the Allies amid World War II, and additionally the after war. The term got to be generic the world over in the wake of World War II .
The cramped, spartan, and unstintingly practical jeep turned into the universal World War II four-wheeled exemplification of Yankee creativity and presumptuous, can-do determination.
The first non military models were manufactured in 1945. It roused various other light utility vehicles, like the Land Rover. Numerous Jeep variations serving comparative military and civilian roles have since been manufactured in other countries.
The brand has experienced numerous owners, beginning with
Willys, which created the first Civilian Jeep (CJ) during 1945. As the only organization that continually manufactured Jeep vehicles after the World War II, in June 1950 Willys-Overland was allowed the benefit of owning the name "Jeep" as an registered trademark. Willys was subsequently sold to Kaiser Motors in 1953, which later became Kaiser-Jeep in 1963. American Motors Corporation (AMC) acquired Kaiser Jeep's money losing operations in 1970. These utility vehicles complemented AMC's passenger automobile business by sharing components, accomplishing volume efficiencies, and in addition capilized on Jeep's and government and international markets.
The French automaker Renault started investing in
AMC in 1979. In any case, by 1987, the car markets had changed and even Renault itself was encountering financial difficulties. In the meantime, Chrysler Corporation wanted to acquire the Jeep brand, and in addition to other AMC assets. Chrysler acquired AMC in 1987, soon after the Jeep CJ-7 was replaced with the AMC-engineered Jeep Wrangler or YJ. Chrysler completed a merger with Daimler-Benz in 1998 to form DaimlerChrysler. DaimlerChrysler later sold the greater part of their interest allowing Chrysler to become a private value organization in 2007. Chrysler and Jeep operated under the Chrysler Group LLC banner, until December, 2014, when it was renamed FCA US LLC.
Jeeps have been manufactured under license by different companies around the globe, including Mahindra of India, EBRO in Spain, and a several in South America. Mitsubishi fabricated more than 30 different Jeep versions in Japan from 1953 to 1998. The vast majority of them being based upon the CJ-3B model from the original Willys-Kaiser design.
Toledo, Ohio has been the center for the Jeep brand since its origin, and the city has always taken pride in this legacy. Although no longer manufactured in the same Toledo Complex as they were in World War II, two streets in the area carry Willys Parkway and Jeep Parkway names. The Jeep Wrangler and Jeep Cherokee are manufactured in separate plants, a short distance from the original Willys-Overland site.
American Motors set up the first car fabricating joint venture, on January 15, 1984 in the People's Republic of China, resulting in Beijing Jeep Corporation, Ltd., in association with Beijing Automobile Industry Corporation, to manufacture the Jeep Cherokee (XJ) in Beijing. Manufacturing proceeded after Chrysler bought out AMC. The first 1984 XJ model was redesigned and called the "Jeep 2500
A division of FCA US LLC, the latest successor organization to the Jeep brand, now holds the trademark off the "Jeep" name and a trademark on the distinctive 7-slot front grille layout. The original 9-slot grille from World War II jeeps was a Ford design for their GPW, and as it weighed less than the first Willys "Slat Grille" (a flat bar arrangement), was made a part of the "standard Jeep" design.
The HMMWV (Humvee) has historical ties with Jeep. Jeep's Defense and Government Products Division was transformed into AM General in 1971, a subsidiary of American Motors Corporation, which owned Jeep. In 1979, as it was still owned by American Motors, AM General started the initial steps to designing the Humvee.
AM General additionally kept assembling the two-wheel-drive DJ, which Jeep
designed in 1953. General Motors Hummer and Chrysler Jeep have been pursuing a
fight in U.S. courts over the right to utilize seven slots in their individual
radiator grilles. The lawsuit was dismissed due to the past corporate history
involving AMC and Jeep.
World War II Jeeps
The final production Jeeps manufactured by Willys-Overland were the Model MB, while those manufactured by Ford were Model GPWs (G=government vehicle, P assigned the 80" wheelbase, and W for the Willys engine design). There were subtle contrasts between the two. The models manufactured by Ford had every part (including the bolt heads) labeled with an "F". Willys additionally took after the Ford pattern by stamping its name on some body parts, however ceased in 1942
Jeeps were utilized by every U.S. military branch. An average of 145 were provided to each Army infantry regiment. Jeeps were utilized for many purposes, including laying cable, saw milling, tractors, firefighting pumpers, field ambulances, and, with appropriate wheels, would even run on railroad tracks. An amphibious jeep, the model GPA, or "seap" for (Sea Jeep) was manufactured by Ford in modest numbers yet it couldn't be viewed as an enormous achievement—it was neither a good off-road 4x4 nor a decent vessel. As a major aspect of the war exertion, almost 30% of all Jeep production was provided to Great Britain along with the Soviet Red Army.
Jeepster - 1948-1950 - Revived as the C101 - 1966-1973
The first Willys CJ model (the CJ-2) was presented in 1944, and same basic vehicle stayed in production through seven variations, along with three corporate parents until 1986 when the Jeep CJ-7 and Jeep CJ-8, were replaced by a comparable model, the Jeep Wrangler.
A Jeep model DJ, a 2 wheel drive was fabricated by AMC's AM General Division for the U.S. Postal Service which featured a steel hard top and right hand drive.
Announced in 1986 and Resembling the Jeep CJ-7 from the outside, the Wrangler, is based upon a new engineering design. "The philosophy behind the two vehicles, is totally different. Although Wranglers like the Willys MB and the Jeep CJ keep continue using a separate body and frame, solid axles front and rear, a folding windshield, and can be driven without doors. However, the suspension, drivetrain, and interior were acquired from the Cherokee (XJ) model
Jeep Station Wagons - 1946-1965
Jeep Wagoneer - 1963-1991
Jeep Cherokee XJ - 1984-2001
Jeep Grand Cherokee
The first Grand Cherokee was produced in 1992 as a 1993 model year as a luxury SUV. The "ZJ" models, built from 1992 to 1998, came in three trim levels: base (called SE), Laredo, and Limited
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Jeep Vehicles Through the Years
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