A Glimpse at Land Rover Vehicles Through the Years
Land Rover is a vehicle brand that specializes in four-wheel-drive vehicles, owned by British multinational auto maker Jaguar Land Rover, which is owned by
Tata Motors of India since 2008.
The Land Rover name was initially utilized by the Rover Company for building the Land Rover Series, founded in 1948. It formed into a brand building four-wheel-drive models, including the Defender, Freelander, Discovery, Range Rover, Range Rover Evoque and Range Rover Sport. Land Rovers are at assembled in the organization's Halewood ( a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley in Merseyside , England)
and Solihull (located in the West Midlands of England) plants, with research and development occurring at the Gaydon and Whitley Engineering Center.
The Land Rover Series I, II, and III (normally alluded to as series Land Rovers, to recognize them from later models) are
rough terrain vehicles manufactured by the British Land Rover
Company which were inspired by the US-manufactured Willys Jeep. In 1992, Land Rover asserted that 70% of the vehicles they had manufactured were still being used.
Series models contain leaf springs with the ability to select between two or four-wheel drive; however the Stage 1 V8 adaptation of the Series III included permanent 4WD. Every one of the three models could be started using a front hand crank and had a rear power takeoff option.
Land Rover Series I (1948-1958)
Land Rover entered production in 1948 with what has later been termed the series I. This was launched at the Amsterdam Motor Show. It was originally designed for farm and light industrial use, with a steel box-section chassis and an aluminium body.
Originally the Land Rover was a single model offering, which from 1948 until 1951 used an 80-inch (2.03 m) wheelbase and a 1.6-litre petrol engine producing around 50 bhp (37 kW; 51 PS). The four-speed gearbox from the Rover P3 was used, with a new two-speed transfer box. This incorporated an unusual four-wheel-drive system, with a freewheel unit (as used on several Rover cars of the time)
Land Rover Series II (1958-1961)
Series II was the successor to the successful Series I, which encompassed a production run from 1958 through 1961. It was produced in 88 in and 109 in wheelbases (normally called the "SWB" and 'LWB'). It was the first Land Rover to get the attention of Rover's styling department. Chief Stylist David Bache created the recognizable 'barrel side' waistline to mask the vehicle's wider track and the improved truck cab design, adding curved side windows and rounded roof sill still present on Land Rovers. The Series II Land Rover was the first vehicle to utilize the 2.25-liter engine, however the first 1,500 short wheelbase (SWB) models kept the 52 hp 2.0-liter engine built for the Series I. This larger motor created 72 hp and was closely related the 2.0-liter diesel unit still being used. This motor became the standard Land Rover engine until the mid-1980s when diesel motors became more popular.
Land Rover Series III (1971-1985)
The Series III featured the same body and motor choices from the previous IIa, including station wagons and the 1 Ton variants. Cosmetically little had changed from the IIA to the Series III. However, the Series III is the most common Series, with 440,000 manufactured from 1971 to 1985. The headlights were relocated to the wings on late production IIA models beginning in 1968 (apparently to comply with the lighting regulations of
Australia, America and the Netherlands) and stayed in this position for the Series III. Plastic replaced the conventional metal grille, on the Series I, II and IIA one for the Series III model.
Land Rover Discovery luxury SUV (2014-present)
There have been two eras of the vehicle, the first was shipped in 1989 and given a Series II redesign in 1998.
The second era, labeled Discovery 3, was introduced in 2004 and was launched in North America as being the Land Rover LR3. These second generation versions were updated in 2009 and called the Discovery 4—and in North America, Land Rover LR4. The Discovery 5 is as of now in pre-production testing and was revealed in the UK on 28 September 2016.
Range Rover (1970-present)
The original Range Rover was manufactured between 1970 and 1996. It only came in a 2-door body until 1981, however 4 door models were manufactured by specialist firms.
Dissimilar to other 4x4s, like, the Jeep Wagoneer, the first Range Rover was not designed as a luxury vehicle. While surely up-market contrasted with Land Rover models before, the early Range Rovers had very utilitarian interiors featuring vinyl seats and plastic dashboards that were built to be washed down using a hose. Convenience components, like, carpeted floors, power steering, fabric/leather seats, and wooden inside trim came later.
Land Rover Electric
Range Rover Sport P400e (PHEV)
2019 Range Rover Sport P400e
It takes as little as 14 hours to recharge the vehicle depending on your local power supply using a home charging cable. By using Timed Charging to specify when PHEV charges, you can take advantage of off-peak electricity tariffs or simply choose the time of day convenient to you.
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Land Rover Vehicles Through the Years
Reviewed by Gene Wright on