The luxury vehicle division of Toyota is the Lexus marque which is marketed in more than 70 nations and regions worldwide, It is Japan's biggest selling premium car brand, and is positioned among the ten largest Japanese worldwide brands in overall market value. Lexus has headquarteres in Nagoya, Japan with operational centers in Brussels, Belgium, and in Torrance, California.
Video - Lexus Evolution (1989 - 2017)
Lexus started from a corporate plan to design a new premium sedan, code-named F1, which started in 1983 and finished in the dispatch of the Lexus LS in 1989. Since then, the division has added coupe, sedan, convertible, and SUV models. Until the model 2005 year Lexus did not exist as a marque in Japan and all vehicles marketed globally as Lexus from 1989-2005 were sold in Japan using the Toyota marque and comparable model names. In 2005, a hybrid RX crossover version was announced, and other hybrid models were later added to the division's lineup. In 2007, Lexus released its own F marque performance division with the presentation of the IS F sport sedan, trailed by the LFA supercar in 2009.
From the beginning, Lexus vehicles have been manufactured in Japan. The first Lexus assembled outside of Japan, in Ontario, Canada with the RX 330 in 2003. After corporate reorganization from 2001 to 2005, Lexus runs its own engineerinf, designing, and assembling centers.
Since the 2000s, Lexus has expanded sales outside its the US, it's biggest market. The division opened Japan dealerships in 2005, becoming the first Japanese luxury auto marque to launch in its nation of origin.
Lexus LS (May 1989 – present)
The first Lexus model, the LS 400 appeared in January 1989 with the second generation appearing in November 1994. The LS 430 was announced in January 2000 while the LS 460/LS 460 L debuted in 2006. The fourth-generation LS 460 debuted with the first production eight-speed automatic transmission along with an automatic parking system. In 2007, Hybrid V8 powertrains were announced with the LS 600h/LS 600h L sedans.
Lexus ES (1989–present)
The Lexus ES is a series of compact, and later mid-size, and subsequently full-size luxury sedan marketed since 1989. Six generations of the ES have debuted to date, all offering V6 engines and front-wheel-drive format. The firstl five generations were based on the Toyota Camry platform, while the 6th generation more closely identified with the Avalon.
Lexus GS (1993–present)
The Lexus GS is an executive car sold by Lexus, the premium division of Toyota. The same car launched in 1991 as the Toyota Aristo in Japan, but the Lexus-badged model did not appear until 1993. Now in its fourth generation, the GS sold under the Aristo name in Japan only until the release of the third generation in 2005.
Designed as a performance sedan competing in the mid-luxury class, the GS slots between the entry-level/compact luxury IS and large/flagship LS, and shares its chassis with one of Toyota's longest-running platforms: the S-series which has been used under multiple generations of the Toyota Crown premium sedans.
Four generations of the GS have been produced since 1993, each available with six-cylinder engines and rear-wheel drive. V8 engines were offered in the second and third generations
Lexus HS - (July 2009–present)
he Lexus HS is a dedicated hybrid vehicle introduced by Lexus as a new entry-level luxury compact sedan in 2009. Built on the
new Toyota MC platform, it is classified as a compact under Japanese regulations concerning vehicle exterior dimensions and engine displacement. Unveiled at the North American International Auto Show in January 2009, the HS 250h went on sale in July 2009 in Japan, followed by the United States in August 2009 as a 2010 model. The HS 250h represented the first dedicated hybrid vehicle in the Lexus lineup, as well as the first offered with an inline-four gasoline engine. Bioplastic materials are used for the vehicle interior. With a total length of 184.8 inches, the Lexus HS is slightly larger than the Lexus IS, but still smaller than the mid-size Lexus ES.
Lexus IS (1999–present)
The Lexus IS is a compact executive car sold by Lexus since 1999. The IS was originally sold under the Toyota Altezza nameplate in Japan from 1998 (the word Altezza is Italian for "highness"). The IS was introduced as an entry-level sport model positioned below the ES in the Lexus lineup. The Altezza name is still used at times to refer to chromed car taillights like those fitted to the first-generation model, known as "Altezza lights".
The first-generation Altezza (codename XE10) was launched in Japan in October 1998, while the Lexus IS 200 (GXE10) made its debut in Europe in 1999 and in North America as the IS 300 (JCE10) in 2000.
Lexus CT PHEV (2011–present)
2011 Lexus CT PHEV
The Lexus CT is a hybrid electric automobile introduced by Lexus as a premium sport compact hatchback. It is the first production model in Lexus's family to introduce the "Spindle Grille" design as seen in its fascia. It made its debut at the March 2010 Geneva Auto Show, six months after the unveiling of the LF-Ch concept car; it is primarily targeted at the European market but is being sold worldwide and was introduced to North American markets at the April 2010 New York International Auto Show. Lexus has trademarked the names CT 200h, CT 300h, and CT 400h.
Lexus RX 400h (PHEV)
2007 Lexus RX 400H PHEV
In 2005, a hybridized gasoline-electric version of the 3.3-liter second-generation model was made available as the RX 400h in export markets and as the Harrier Hybrid in Japan. For the third iteration released in 2009, both RX 350 (3.5-liter V6) and RX 450h (3.5-liter V6 hybrid) models were initially offered, with an entry-level RX 270 (2.7-liter inline-four) offered by Lexus in some Asian markets, including in Japan, since 2010
Lexus LFA (2010–2012)
The Lexus LFA is a two-seat sports car manufactured by Lexus, the luxury car division of Toyota. It is the second model in the F marque line of performance vehicles from Lexus, following the IS F. Three concept versions were unveiled, each debuting at the North American International Auto Show with the LF-A designation as part of the LF Series concept line. After beginning development in the early 2000s (codenamed P280), the first LF-A concept premiered in 2005, followed in 2007 by a second LF-A with a more completely furnished interior and exterior. The third version of the LF-A, featuring a roadster body style
premiered in 2008.
Lexus NX Compact SUV (2015-present)
The Lexus NX is a compact luxury crossover SUV sold by Lexus, a luxury division of Toyota. It was introduced in late 2014 as an all-new, entry-level crossover model in Lexus' lineup, slotted below the mid-size RX crossover. The name NX stands for Nimble Crossover.
Lexus RX SUV - Compact (1997–2003) - Mid Size (2003–present)
The Lexus RX is a mid-size luxury crossover SUV that is based on the Toyota Highlander/Kluger and sold since 1998 by Lexus, a luxury division of Toyota. Originally released in its home market of Japan in late 1997 as the Toyota Harrier, export sales began in March 1998 as the Lexus RX. Four generations of the Lexus RX have been produced to date, the first being compact in size, and the latter three classified as mid-size. Both front- and four-wheel drive configurations have been used on the RX series, and several gasoline powertrain options, including V6 engines and hybrid systems, have been offered. In the Lexus model lineup, the RX sits below the larger GX and LX body-on-frame SUVs, and above the smaller NX crossover. The RX name stands for Radiant Crossover. It has also been labelled as "Recreation Cross Country" in some markets
Lexus GX Full-Size SUV (2002–present)
The Lexus GX is a full-size luxury SUV sold in North American and Eurasian markets by Lexus, a luxury division of Toyota. The name GX stands for Grand Crossover. Lexus introduced the first generation, known as the GX 470 in 2002, and subsequently became the third SUV to enter the Lexus lineup. A five-speed automatic was always standard, as was a full-time four-wheel-drive system with low-range gearing. The 4.7-liter V8 engine in the GX 470 was the same as used on the larger LX 470. The firm next introduced the second generation model in 2009, badged GX 460 to reflect the switch to a 4.6-liter V8 engine. Lexus later released a lower displacement GX 400 in 2012 for the Chinese market, with a 4.0-liter V6 engine.
Lexus LX Full Size SUV (1995–present)
The LX full-Size luxury sport utility vehicle (SUV) has been sold since January 1996. Three Generations have been manufactured, all based upon the Toyota Land Cruiser SUVs. The LX 450 was produced in 1995 model year as the first Lexus SUV. Its successor, the LX 470, debuted in 1998 and was delivered until 2006. The most recent, third-generation, LX 570 was announced in 2007 at the New York International Auto Show as a total update for the 2008 model year.
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