Pontiac was an automobile brand initially created as
Oakland Motor Company in 1907, and was renamed "Pontiac Motor Co." in 1926.
Pontiac was marketed by General Motors (GM) in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. Pontiac had been promoted as the performance division of General Motors for a long time, and specialized in performance vehicles. On April 27, 2009, in the midst of continuous financial issues and restructuring endeavors, GM announced that it was
eliminating the Pontiac brand by the close of 2010 and was going to concentrate on four brands in North America: Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, and GMC.
The last Pontiac branded cars were assembled in December of 2009, with one final vehicle assembled in January, 2010. Pontiac dealers franchise agreements expired October 31, 2010.
The Pontiac marque was announced by General Motors in 1926 as the companion brand to GM's Oakland division, and shared the GM A model platform. It was named after the renowned Ottawa chief who had likewise given his name to the city of Pontiac, Michigan where the auto was produced. Within months of its announcement, Pontiac was outselling Oakland, which was basically a 1920s Chevrolet with a six cylinder motor installed. Available body styles incorporated a sedan with both two and four doors, Landau Coupe, with the Sport Cabrolet, Sport Phaeton, Sport Landau Sedan, and Sport Roadster. As a consequence of Pontiac's rising sales, compared to Oakland's declining sales, Pontiac became the only companion brand to survive its parent, with Oakland stopping production in 1932. It was additionally produced as knock-down kits at GM's fleeting Japanese factory at Osaka Assembly in Osaka, Japan from 1927-1941.
Pontiac created autos offering 40 hp (30 kW; 41 PS) 186.7 cu in (3.1 L) (3.25x3.75 in, 82.5x95mm) L-head straight 6-cylinder motors in the 1927 Pontiac Chief; At the time, it had the shortest stroke of any American auto in the industry. Within six months of its initial appearance at the 1926 New York Auto Show, the Pontiac sold 39,000 units, hitting 76,742 at twelve months.The following year, it turned into the top-selling six in the U.S., positioning seventh in general sales. By 1933, it had climbed to delivering the least costly autos available with straight eight-cylinder (inline eight) motors. This was accomplished by utilizing numerous parts from the 6-cylinder Chevrolet Master, for example, the same body, yet featujring an extensive chrome strip on the top and middle of the hood Pontiac called it the "Silver Streak".
In the late 1930s, Pontiac utilized the torpedo Buick body for one of its models, just before it was utilized by Chevrolet. This body style brought attention to the brand. A bizarre feature of the "torpedo" body exhibition vehicle, was that by pushing a button the front portion of the auto body opened displaying the motor and the auto's front seat interior. In 1937, the eight-cylinder featured a 122-inch (3,099 mm) wheelbase, while the six-cylinder featured a 117-inch (2,972 mm) wheelbase. In 1940, Pontiac presented another vehicle called the Pontiac Torpedo, and after two years, on 2 February 1942 a Pontiac became the last regular civilian car made in the United States amid World War II, as all auto factories changed over to military production.
For an extended time frame—prewar through the mid 1950s—the Pontiac was a calm, strong auto, yet not particularly powerful. It featured a flathead (side-valve) straight eight. Straight 8s were marginally less costly to manufacture than the increasingly popular V8s, yet they were heavier and longer. Furthermore, the long crankshaft experienced unreasonable flex, confining straight 8s to a generally low compression ratio with a humble redline. Be that as it may, in this application, cheap (yet quiet) flatheads were not a risk
The last Pontiac, a white 2010 model year G6 4 door sedan, was built at the Orion Township Assembly Line in January, 2010
The Oakland Motor Car Company of Pontiac, Michigan, was a division of General Motors. Purchased by General Motors in 1909, the company continued to produce modestly priced automobiles until 1931 when the brand was dropped in favor of the division's Pontiac make.
Deluxe - A-Body (19331942)
The more luxurious new Chevrolet Master Deluxe edged the range upwards. The vehicle was shared with the
Streamliner - B-Body (1941-1951)
Streamliners used the larger B-body and, except for the station wagons, used fastback styling. The 1941 Super models with folding center armrest were known as Chieftains in 1942. All Pontiacs looked lower, heavier and wider
Torpedo - A-Body (1939-1948)
The Pontiac Torpedo was a full-sized car produced by Pontiac from the 1940 through the 1948 model year (war years excepted). When released, it was the biggest Pontiac, used an 8-cylinder engine, and it had more standard features than other Pontiacs. Although the Torpedo name was exclusive to the highest line of Pontiacs in 1940, in 1941 the name was applied to all Pontiacs in three separate lines. The Custom Torpedos were now top of the line name, while the DeLuxe Torpedo became the base line, and the Streamline Torpedo became the middle line of Pontiacs. All Torpedo models could be had with either a 6-cylinder or 8-cylinder engine beginning in 1941. From 1942 to 1948 the Torpedo name designated only the base line of Pontiacs. The Torpedo name disappeared from the Pontiac lineup in 1949. It was replaced by the Pontiac Chieftain.
Chieftan - A-Body (19491958)
The Pontiac Chieftain was produced by Pontiac from 1949 to 1958. The 1949 Chieftain and Streamliner models were the first all new car designs to come from Pontiac in the post World War II years. Previous cars had been 1942 models with minor revisions.
Star Chief - A-Platform (19541966)
The Star Chief was manufactured by Pontiac in the time period between 1954 and 1966. It was Pontiac's top trim package on the Pontiac Chieftain, with later generations built on longer wheelbases, and serving as the foundation platform for the Pontiac Bonneville. The car was easily identified by its chrome star trim along its sides, a feature all Star Chiefs were equipped
Safari (19551957), (19581991) as wagon trim, (19871989) last Safari model
The Pontiac Safari is a station wagon that was produced by Pontiac. The Safari name was first applied to Pontiac's version of the 2-door Chevrolet Nomad station wagon. The body style, originally exhibited as a 1954 Chevrolet Corvette Motorama concept car, was shifted to Chevrolet and Pontiac full-size 1955 production vehicles because of the perceived greater sales potential.
The Pontiac Parisienne is a full-size rear-wheel drive vehicle that was sold by Pontiac on the GM B platform in Canada from 1958 to 1986 and in the United States from 1983 to 1986. The Parisienne wagon continued under the Safari nameplate until 1989. Parisienne or La Parisienne means a grammatically female person or thing from Paris, France.
Ventura - B-Body (19601977)
The Pontiac Ventura was produced by Pontiac. The name was derived from Ventura, California. Until 1992, General Motors had an assembly plant that manufactured X-body models in the district of Van Nuys, Los Angeles at Van Nuys Assembly.
Catalina - B-Platform (19501981)
The Pontiac Catalina was part of Pontiac's full-sized line from 1950 to 1981. Initially, the name was used strictly to denote hardtop body styles, first appearing in the 1950 Chieftain Eight and DeLuxe Eight lines. In 1959, the Catalina became a separate model, as the "entry-level" full-size Pontiac.
Bonneville B-Platform - (19571981),(19872005) - Ten Generations
The Pontiac Bonneville was built by Pontiac from 1957 to 2005. Bonnevilles were full-sized, with the exception of a brief period of mid-size between 1982-86. The brand was introduced as a limited production performance convertible during the 1957 model year. The Bonneville (known as the Parisienne in Canada until 1981), and its platform partner, the Grand Ville, are some of the largest Pontiacs ever built; in station wagon body styles they reached just over 230 inches (5.8 m) long, and at 5,000 pounds (2,300 kg) and more were also some of the heaviest cars produced at the time. Also, they came with a Jetaway 315 and also were available as hearses.
Grand Ville - B-Body (19711975)
The Pontiac Grand Ville is a full-size car that was the top-trim model in the Pontiac line from 1971 to 1975. It displaced the Pontiac Bonneville, which had served as Pontiac's top-trim model since 1958.
The Bonneville was not discontinued during this period, but downgraded in status to effectively replace the discontinued Pontiac Executive. The Grand Ville and Bonneville shared a number of trim and design elements that distinguished them from the Catalina, but the 1971-72 Grand Villes were built on a stretched wheelbase (126 inches) version of the GM "B" platform that nevertheless had identical interior dimensions to all other full-size Pontiacs.
The Pontiac G8 is a rear-wheel drive sedan that was produced by Holden in Australia, and then exported to the United States, where it was sold by Pontiac. The G8, a rebadged Holden Commodore, was released in early 2008 for the 2008 model year in the United States, and in 2008 for the 2009 model year in Canada. Production stopped in mid-2009, following the GM decision to suspend the Pontiac brand. While available, the G8 took the place in the Pontiac lineup of both the Pontiac Bonneville, which ceased production after the 2005 model year, and the Pontiac Grand Prix, which ceased production after the 2008 model year. The G8 was Pontiac's first full-size car since the Bonneville and the GTO coupe last sold in 2006.
LeMans (19621981), (1988-1993)
The Pontiac LeMans was a model name that was applied to subcompact- and intermediate-sized automobiles marketed by Pontiac from 1962 to 1981 (1983 in Canada). It was manufactured in five generations, the LeMans line was replaced by the downsized Pontiac Bonneville for the 1982 model year and later resurrected from 1988 to 1993 as a badge-engineered version of the Daewoo LeMans car manufactured by Daewoo in South Korea.
The Bonneville nameplate didn't go anywhere following the discontinuation of full-sized Pontiacs and instead was simply swapped onto the midsized LeMans, which also suffered from poor sales, thus GM planners reasoned that attaching a more well-known model name to it would spark demand. This model had been produced since 1978
The Pontiac 6000 is a mid-size car that was introduced by Pontiac in 1981 for the 1982 model year, positioned between the smaller Phoenix and larger Bonneville (previously the Le Mans). It shared its platform with the Buick Century, Chevrolet Celebrity, and Oldsmobile Cutlass Ciera.
The Pontiac G6 is a midsize car that was produced by General Motors under the Pontiac brand. It was introduced in 2004 for the 2005 model year to replace the Grand Am. The car was built on the GM Epsilon platform which it shared with the Chevrolet Malibu and Saab 9-3 along with other General Motors vehicles. Features included a remote starting system (standard on GT, optional on base model), traction control/ABS, electronic stability control, automatic headlights as well as a panoramic sunroof option. Production ended in 2010 with the discontinuation of the Pontiac line.
Pontiac Grand Prix (1962-2008)
The Grand Prix was a line of automobiles produced by the Pontiac Division of General Motors from 1962 through 2002 for coupes and 1988-2008 for sedans. First introduced as part of Pontiac's full-size car model offering for the 1962 model year, the marque varied repeatedly in size, luxury, and performance during its lifespan. Among the changes were positioning in the personal luxury car market segment and mid-size car offering from the 2nd generation to the 5th generation for the sedan and from the 2nd generation to the 6th generation from the coupe; it returned to a full-size car from the 6th generation to the 7th generation for the sedan, positioned below the larger Bonneville in Pontiac's model lineup.
Pontiac Muscle/Pony Cars
Pontiac GTO (1964-1974),(2004-2006)
The Pontiac GTO is an automobile that was manufactured by American automobile manufacturer Pontiac from 1964 to 1974 model years, and by GM's subsidiary Holden in Australia from 2004 to 2006 model years.
The first generation of the GTO was a muscle car produced in the 1960s and the 1970s. Although there were muscle cars introduced earlier than the GTO, the Pontiac GTO is considered by some to have started the trend with all four domestic automakers offering a variety of competing models.
For the 1964 and 1965 model years, the GTO was an optional package on the intermediate-sized Pontiac Lemans.
Pontiac Firebird (1967-2002)
The Pontiac Firebird is an American automobile built by Pontiac from the 1967 to the 2002 model years. Designed as a pony car to compete with the Ford Mustang, it was introduced February 23, 1967, the same model year as GM's Chevrolet division platform-sharing Camaro. This also coincided with the release of the 1967 Mercury Cougar, Ford's upscale, platform-sharing version of the Mustang,
Pontiac Sports Cars
The Pontiac Solstice is a sports car that was produced by Pontiac. Introduced at the 2004 North American International Auto Show, the Solstice roadster began production in mid-2005 for the 2006 model year. It is powered by a naturally aspirated 2.4 L I4 engine, producing 177 hp and 166 lb-ft of torque. The exterior styling of the production Solstice is similar to that of the 2002 Solstice concept that preceded it. Production of the Solstice was to be running before summer 2005, but delays at the Wilmington plant pushed volume production to the fourth quarter. The new hardtop targa top 2009 model was announced in mid-2008. The Solstice uses the GM Kappa platform, which also underpins the Saturn Sky, Opel GT, and Daewoo G2X. It was the brand's first two-seater since the Pontiac Fiero was discontinued in 1988.
The Pontiac LeMans /ləˈmɑːnz/ was a model name that was applied to subcompact- and intermediate-sized automobiles marketed by Pontiac from 1962 to 1981 (1983 in Canada). It was manufactured in five generations, the LeMans line was replaced by the downsized Pontiac Bonneville for the 1982 model year and later resurrected from 1988 to 1993 as a badge-engineered version of the Daewoo LeMans car manufactured by Daewoo in South Korea.
Grand Am - (19721975), (19771980), (19842005)
The Pontiac Grand Am is a mid-size car and later a compact car that was produced by Pontiac. The history of Grand Am starts with Pontiac executives noting incursion into the US market by Mercedes and BMW. Noteably, the American sports car was usually without luxury features and the luxury car without sport features. Foreign makes mixed these features. Pontiac hybridized the Trans Am with the Grand Prix to create the Grand Am.
The Suzuki Cultus is a supermini car produced by the Japanese manufacturer Suzuki from 1983 to 2003, and it is now a rebadged Suzuki Celerio in Pakistan since 2017. It was first presented at the 25th Tokyo Motor Show, formally introduced to Japan in 1983 and ultimately sold in seven countries across three generations and marketed worldwide as the Suzuki Swift. An alliance formed in 1981 between GM and Suzuki (and Isuzu) allowed GM to market the Cultus as a captive import internationally under more than a dozen nameplates including the Geo Metro, Chevrolet Sprint,
Pontiac Firefly and Holden Barina. It was also known as the M-car within GM.
The Chevrolet Aveo (T200) is the first generation of the Chevrolet Aveo, a subcompact automobile from the Chevrolet division of the American manufacturer General Motors, launched in 2002, developed by the initially independent South Korean manufacturer Daewoo, later GM Korea. It was originally marketed as the Daewoo Kalos and prominently marketed as the Aveo. The model received the T200 internal codes during the car's development. The T250 code was designated for the model's facelift
and rebranded as the Pontiac G3.
The Pontiac Phoenix was a compact car that was sold from 1977 to 1984 by Pontiac. There were two generations of the Phoenix, both based on popular Chevrolet models, and both using the GM X platform designation. It was named for the mythological Phoenix, which would die in a self-inflicted fire and be reborn from the ashes. The Phoenix was replaced by the Grand Am in 1985.
The Pontiac Sunbird is a small car manufactured and marketed by Pontiac over two generations.
The first generation was marketed as a subcompact hatchback, wagon and coupe (1976-1980) as a badge engineered variant of the Chevrolet Monza, which was based on the Chevrolet Vega.
The second generation (1982-1994) was marketed as notchback coupé, sedan, hatchback, station wagon, and convertible as a rebadged variant of General Motors' J-cars and was manufactured alongside the Cadillac Cimarron, Buick Skyhawk, Oldsmobile Firenza, and Chevrolet Cavalier at GM's South Gate Assembly and Janesville Assembly plants.
The Pontiac Sunfire is a compact car by Pontiac that was introduced for the 1995 model year to replace the Sunbird. Not only was the name changed, but dramatic styling changes were included as well. The new styling was shared with the redesigned Chevrolet Cavalier. Along with the fresh new look the J platform was updated structurally to meet more stringent safety standards for the 1996 model year.
Tempest (19611970), (19881991)
The Pontiac Tempest was produced by Pontiac from 1961 to 1970, and again from 1987 to 1991.
The Tempest was introduced as an entry-level compact in September 1960 for the 1961 model year. Sharing the new monocoque (unibody) Y platform with the Buick Special and Skylark, as well as the Oldsmobile F-85 and Cutlass, the Tempest also appeared under the LeMans nameplate (largely beginning with the 1962 model year, although Pontiac also manufactured a few 1961 LeMans coupes).
For 1964, the Tempest line was redesigned as one of the new General Motors mid-size automobiles that were built on the new GM A-body platform. The Tempest name was discontinued after the 1970 model year in favor of LeMans, the nameplate that had previously designated the upmarket versions of the Tempest series.
Vibe - 20032010
The Pontiac Vibe is a compact automobile that was sold by Pontiac from 2002 to 2010. It was jointly developed by General Motors along with Toyota, who manufactures the mechanically similar Toyota Matrix. Manufactured by the Toyota-GM joint venture NUMMI in Fremont, California, the Vibe succeeded the Chevrolet Prizm in production at NUMMI and like the Prizm, it was derived from the Toyota Corolla, making it the last of the GM and Toyota developed S-body cars.
Pontiac Coupe Utility
1960 Pontiac El Catalina
1960 Pontiac El Catalina
Make no mistake: if your family drove a Pontiac Streamliner Woodie estate in the late 1940s and 1950s, your family was doing A-OK. Large, powerful, luxurious, expensive, and finished in enough brightwork to make a B17 Flying Fortress jealous and more bark than the Redwood National Park, the Pontiac Streamliner Woodie was the epitome of American excess when American excess was something to be proud of, guilt free.
The Pontiac Trans Sport is a minivan that was marketed by the Pontiac division of General Motors for the 1990 to 1999 model years. The first light truck ever sold by Pontiac, the Trans Sport (a play on transport) was a front-wheel drive minivan. Two generations were produced, from 1990 to 1996 and from 1997 to 1999.
Derived from the GM U-body chassis, the Trans Sport shared its chassis with the Chevrolet Lumina APV (replaced by the Chevrolet Venture in 1997) and the Oldsmobile Silhouette. Of the three minivans, the Trans Sport was the intermediate-range van, slotted between Chevrolet and Oldsmobile in trim and price.
The Pontiac Montana is a minivan that was sold by General Motors. Prior to the 1997 model year, it was known as Pontiac Trans Sport. In 1997, the Trans Sport added the Montana moniker as part of an available trim package. The package proved so popular the line was renamed Montana in 1998 for the US and 1999 for Canada. For 2005, the van was redesigned with a higher, less aerodynamic nose to resemble an SUV. The Montana name was also changed to Montana SV6. It was discontinued after the 2006 model year in the United States because of slow sales, but continued to be sold in Canada and Mexico until 2009. Since their introduction, the Pontiac minivans were GM's most popular minivans among consumers in Canada.
Bonneville Special - 1954
Keep Your Car Looking New
Pontiac Motor Cars Through the Years
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