A Pictorial Glimpse Toyota Vehicles Through the Years
Toyota began in 1933 when the organization became a division of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works committed to the generation of autos under the direction of the son of the founder, Kiichiro Toyoda. In 1929, Kiichiro Toyoda traveled to Europe and the U.S to study vehicle production and had started researching gas powered engines in 1930. Toyoda Automatic Loom Works was urged to develop automobiles by the Japanese government, which was in need of domestic vehicle production, because of the war with China. In 1934, the division delivered its first Type A Engine, which was utilized as a part of the initial Model A1 passenger vehicle in May 1935 and in the G1 in August 1935. Model AA
passenger car production began in 1936. Early vehicles had a strong resemblance to the both Dodge Power Wagon and Chevrolet, with a few parts interchangeable with their American originals.
In spite of the fact that the
Toyota Group is primarily known today for its automobiles, it is still active in the textile business and continues to makes automatic looms, which have now been computerized, and electric sewing machines which are sold, around the world.
A separate sales organization in 1950, Toyota Motor Sales Co., (which continued until July 1982). The Toyopet dealer chain was set up in 1956. By 1957, the Crown was the first Japanese auto to be exported to the U.S. and also established was Toyota Motor Sales Inc., Toyota's American and Brazilian divisions. what's more, Toyota do Brasil S.A., was additionally established.
Toyota began expanding in the 1960s with new research and development facility, a Thailand presence was established, the 10 millionth model was created, a Deming Prize, and organizations with Hino Motors and Daihatsu were additionally established. In April, 1963 the first Toyota produced outside Japan, at Melbourne, Australia From 1963 until 1965, Australia was Toyota's greatest export market. By the end of the decade, Toyota had become a worldwide presence, as the organization had exported its one-millionth vehicle.
The first Japanese vehicles to reach North America were five Land Cruisers exported to El Salvador in May 1953.
The first Toyotas exported to Europe were a pair of Toyopet Tiaras delivered to Finland for assessment in June 1962, however no sales followed. The initial importer in Europe was Erla Auto Import A/S of Denmark, who received 190 Crowns taking after a May 1963 deal to be the distributor in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. The Netherlands soon followed in May 1964, and subsequent to having built up footholds in nations with practically no indigenous car creation other markets followed in 1966. In 1968 Toyota set up its first European CKD assembling agent, Salvador Caetano I.M.V.T. of Portugal.
Toyota Full Size
Toyota Avalon (1994-present)
The Toyota Avalon is a full-size car produced by Toyota in the United States and Canada is Toyota's largest front-wheel-drive sedan in the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico, and the Middle East. It was also produced in Australia from April 2000 until June 2005, when it was replaced in November 2006 by the Toyota Aurion. The first production Avalon rolled off the TMMK assembly line in Georgetown, Kentucky, in September 1994. A second-generation model was released in the United States and Japan in 1999.
Toyota Crown (1955-present)
The Toyota Crown has been produced by Toyota since 1955. It is currently a line
of mid/full-size luxury sedans primarily aimed at the Japanese market and sold
in other select Asian markets. Introduced in 1955, it has served as the
mainstream sedan from Toyota in the Japanese market throughout its existence and
holds the distinction of being the longest-running passenger-car nameplate
affixed to any Toyota model, along with being the first Toyota vehicle to be
exported to the United States in 1958.
Toyota Mid Size
Toyota Camry V10 first generation (1982–1986)
The Toyota Camry has been sold internationally since 1982, spanning multiple generations. Originally compact in size (narrow-body), later Camry models have grown to fit the mid-size classification
(wide-body)—although the two sizes co-existed in the 1990s. Since the release of the wide-bodied versions, Camry has been extolled by Toyota as the firm's second
"world car" after the Corolla. In Japan, Camry is exclusive to Toyota Corolla Store retail dealerships.
Toyota Camry V20 second generation (1986–1992)
The V20 Camry originated from a time at Toyota when considerable cost and attention to detail was engineered into its cars such as high-quality materials and build quality to transcend the competition. Sedans retained the V10's rear quarter glass with styling less angular than before. To appease export customers, styling lost some of its Japanese legacy in its transition to a more Americanized design, with a softer and sleeker silhouette
Toyota Camry XV10 third generation (1991–1996)
Toyota replaced the compact V20 Camry with the Japanese market-only V30 series in 1990. However, international markets such as Australia and North America received a widened version of the V30, known as the XV10 series. While marginally larger than the V20, the V30 had to comply with Japanese dimension regulations, which restricted the car's width to 1,700 mm (67 in) and length to 4,700 mm (190 in) for a lower tax obligation. Particularly in the United States, this narrower model was seen as compromised, thus limiting its sales potential. As a result, the "wide-body" mid-size Camry (XV10) released to North America in 1991 was developed from early 1988 and the final design frozen later that year. It was with the XV10 that Toyota upgraded the Camry's status to its second "world car" after the Corolla, with exports starting from Australia to Southeast Asia
Toyota Camry XV20 fourth generation (1996–2001)
In the United States, the Camry SE was dropped and the base model was renamed the CE for the 1997 model year. Both the LE and the XLE trims were carried over from the previous series. All trim levels were available with either the 2.2-liter I4 or the 3.0-liter V6 engine except the Solara SLE, which was only available with the V6. TRD offered a supercharger kit for 1997 through to 2000 V6 models raising power to 247 hp (184 kW) and 242 lb⋅ft (328 N⋅m) of torque.
Toyota Camry XV30 fifth generation (2002–2006)
Released in September 2001 for the 2002 model year, Toyota released the Camry XV30 series as a larger sedan, but without a station wagon for the first time. The wagon's demise occurred due to its sales erosion to minivans and crossover SUVs.
Toyota redesigned this series from the ground up for the first time since the V30 and XV10. Through efficiency gains such as increased computerization, and by having the XV30 ride on the K platform introduced with the Toyota Highlander (XU20) of 2000, Toyota expedited the XV30 production development stage to 26 months, down from 36 months with the XV20.
As a consequence,
Toyota Camry XV40 sixth generation (2006-2011)
The XV40 Camry was introduced at the 2006 North American International Auto Show
alongside a hybrid version and went on sale in March 2006 for the 2007 model
This generation of Camry saw even greater differentiation between "regular" model sold internationally (including Japan) and the "prestige" Camry sold in the rest of Asia. The regular Camry, fitted with four-cylinder engines sold alongside the V6-engined prestige Camry in Oceania and the Middle East as the Toyota Aurion. Between 2006 and 2010, the regular Camry was also rebadged as the Daihatsu Altis model, which sold alongside the Camry in Japan. The Daihatsu differed only in badging,
with no cosmetic changes.
Toyota Camry XV50 seventh generation (2011-2017)
The XV50 Camry began U.S. sales in September 2011. The interior received a major restyling, while the exterior received all-new sheet metal and more angular styling.
The US Camry carried over three different engine choices from the previous model. Starting with a 2.5-liter four-cylinder hybrid model rated at 149 kW (200 hp), a 2.5-liter four-cylinder gasoline engine rated at 133 kW (178 hp) and 230 N⋅m (170 lb⋅ft), and a 3.5-liter V6 rated at 200 kW (268 hp) and 336 N⋅m (248 lb⋅ft). Power output has been increased mostly by switching to electro-hydraulic power steering. The trim levels include the L, LE, SE, XLE, SE V6, XLE V6, Hybrid LE, Hybrid XLE and for 2014 a Hybrid SE model
Toyota Camry XV70 eighth generation (2017-present)
The latest Camry, which is the eighth-generation of the global Camry model, and known as the XV70 was introduced at the January 2017 North American International Auto Show. It was launched in Japan on July
10, 2017 and in Australia on November 21, 2017. North American production started in June 2017, and sales began in late July 2017. Due to the need to equip Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky with new equipment for Toyota New Global Architecture, a small portion of the initial North American production was sourced from the Tsutsumi
plant in Japan.
Toyota Corolla (1966-present)
The Toyota Corolla (E170) is the eleventh generation of the Corolla that has been sold internationally since 2013. Two basic front and rear styling
treatments are fitted to the E170—a North American version that debuted first—and a more conservative design for all other markets that debuted later in
2013. For the Japanese and Hong Kong markets, the smaller and unrelated Corolla (E160) is offered instead.
Toyota Corona (1957-2002)
The Toyota Corona was manufactured by between 1957 and 2002. Traditionally, the competitor from Nissan was the Nissan Bluebird. The word "corona" is Latin for "crown", a reference to an earlier vehicle Toyota offered called the Toyota Crown. It was exclusive to Toyopet Store dealership channels in Japan, while the larger Crown was available only at Toyota Store locations.
In many countries, the Corona was one of Toyota's first international exports, and was shortly joined by the smaller Toyota Corolla, providing buyers with a choice of a larger car, with similar operating expenses to the smaller Corolla.
Toyota Hybrid Electric
Toyota Prius (1997-present)
The Toyota Prius is a full hybrid electric automobile developed by Toyota and manufactured by the company since 1997. Initially offered as a 4-door sedan, it has been produced only as a 5-door liftback since 2003.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and California Air Resources Board (CARB) rate the Prius as among the cleanest vehicles sold in the United States, based on smog-forming emissions. The 2018 model year Prius Eco ranks as the second most fuel efficient gasoline-powered car available in the US without plug-in capability, following the Hyundai Ioniq "Blue
Toyota Sports Cars
The Toyota Celica was produced by Toyota from 1970 to 2006. The Celica name derives from the Latin word coelica meaning "heavenly" or "celestial". In Japan, the Celica was exclusive to Toyota Japanese dealerships Toyota Corolla Store.
Throughout its life span the Celica has been powered by various four-cylinder engines. The most significant change occurred in August 1985, when the car's drive layout was changed from rear-wheel drive to front-wheel drive. During the first three generations, American market Celicas were powered by various versions of Toyota's R series engines.
Toyota RAV-4 (1994-present)
The Toyota RAV4 is a compact crossover SUV (sport utility vehicle) produced by Toyota. This was the first compact crossover SUV; it made its debut in Japan and Europe in 1994, and in North America in 1995. The vehicle was designed for consumers wanting a vehicle that had most of the benefits of SUVs, such as increased cargo room, higher visibility, and the option of full-time four-wheel drive, along with the maneuverability and fuel economy of a compact car. Although not all RAV4s are four-wheel-drive, RAV4 stands for "Recreational Activity Vehicle: 4-wheel drive", because the aforementioned equipment is an option in select countries.
In most markets, the RAV4 is the only compact SUV or crossover available from Toyota
Toyota Landcruiser BJ and FJ (1951–1955), J20, J30 (1955–1960)
When the Imperial Japanese Army occupied the Philippines in 1941, they found an American Jeep and promptly sent it to Japan. The Japanese military authorities ordered Toyota to produce a similar vehicle but to alter the appearance. The resulting Model AK prototype led to the Yon-Shiki Kogata Kamotsu-Sha type 4 compact cargo-truck).
In June 1954, responding to claims of trademark violation by the Willys Company that produced the original Jeep, then Director of Technology Hanji Umehara renamed this 4-wheeled vehicle as the Land Cruiser.
The postwar Toyota "Jeep" BJ is completely different from the AK10 and inherits no mechanical parts from it.
Production of the first generation of the Land Cruiser began in 1951 as Toyota's version of a Jeep-like vehicle. (The primary difference between the FJ40 and the BJ40 is the engine, the FJ is a
gasoline engine and the BJ runs on diesel.)
The Land Cruiser has been produced in convertible, hardtop, station wagon and cab chassis bodystyles. The Land Cruiser's reliability and longevity has led to huge popularity, especially in Australia where it is the best-selling body-on-frame, four-wheel drive vehicle. Toyota also extensively tests the Land Cruiser in the Australian outback – considered to be one of the toughest operating environments in both temperature and terrain
Toyota Land Cruiser J40 (1960–1984)
The Toyota Land Cruiser (J40), is a series of Land Cruisers made by Toyota from 1960 until 1984. Traditional body on frame SUVs, most 40 series Land Cruisers were built as 2-door models with slightly larger dimensions than the similar Jeep CJ.
The model was available in short (J40/41/42), medium (J43/44/46) and long (J45/47) wheelbase versions, with gasoline and diesel engines.
Toyota Landcruiser (J70: 1984–present)
The J70 was introduced as a soft-top, hard-top, Fibre-reinforced plastic top, utility, cab-chassis, and Troop Carrier (inward facing rear seats). The petrol engine was replaced with a 4.0 L 3F engine. The 70 Light had a four-wheel coil spring solid-axle suspension for better ride quality. This lighter duty version of the Land Cruiser had the 22R 2.4 L four-stroke petrol engine, which actually were the 2L and 2L-T (turbocharged) 2.4 L diesel engines commonly found in the Toyota Hilux. The 70 Light was sold in some markets as the Bundera or the Landcruiser II, later called 70 Prado. The 70 Prado eventually became popular and evolved into the Toyota Land Cruiser Prado (J90). An automatic transmission (A440F) was introduced making it the first four-wheel drive Japanese vehicle with an automatic transmission.
Toyota Landcruiser second generation (J90: 1996–2002)
In May 1996, the J70 series underwent a makeover and emerged as the J90 series Prado, an independent series. The body was lengthened. The design remained medium duty, like the J70. The front suspension was replaced with an independent design, shared with Tacoma and Hilux Surf, made by Hino. The J90 was made by Tahara Plant, available as a three-door short wheelbase and five-door long wheelbase version.
Toyota Landcruiser third generation (J120: 2002–2009)
Appearing in 2002, the third generation Prado has revised front suspension to improve reliability. Development began in 1997 and design work in 1998, with the winning proposal originating from Lance Scott of the Toyota ED2 design studio in France in late 1999.
Toyota Landcruiser fourth generation (J150: 2009–present)
The fourth generation has been available in some markets since October 2009. There are two base variants, five-door and three-door. The five door variant in the general market is offered in TXL & VXL grades – which are much more option packed. This generation of Prado features advanced 4WD and an array of electronic gadgets. This generation of the Prado is offered in the US badged as the 2010 model year Lexus GX 460 with luxury trim.
Toyota 4Runner (1983-present)
The Toyota 4Runner is a compact, mid-size sport utility vehicle produced by Toyota and sold throughout the world from 1984 to present. In Japan, it is known as the Toyota Hilux Surf. The original 4Runner was a compact SUV and little more than a Toyota pickup truck with a fiberglass shell over the bed, but the model has since undergone significant independent development into a cross between a compact and a mid-size SUV. All 4Runners have been built at Toyota's Tahara plant at Tahara, Aichi, Japan, or at Hino Motors' Hamura, Japan plant.
Toyota Sequoia (2001-present)
Introduced in 2000 and manufactured at Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana in Princeton, Indiana, the Sequoia is the first vehicle from a Japanese marque in the popular mainstream full-sized SUV class in North America, and initial planning done by first-generation Sequoia chief engineer Kaoru Hosegawa aimed the Sequoia directly at the Ford Expedition, also competing with the Chevrolet Tahoe and the later Nissan Armada.
Toyota Trucks (Pickups)
Toyota Tacoma (1995-present)
The Toyota Tacoma is a pickup truck manufactured in the U.S. by the Japanese automobile manufacturer Toyota since 1995. The first generation Tacoma, model years 1995˝ through 2004, was classified as a compact pickup. The second generation, model years 2005 through 2015, were classified as mid-size and produced in the U.S. and Mexico. The Tacoma was Motor Trend Magazine's Truck of the Year for 2005.
Toyota Tundra (2000-present)
The Toyota Tundra is a pickup truck manufactured in the United States by Toyota since May 1999. The Tundra was the first North American full-size pickup to be built by a Japanese manufacturer. The Tundra was nominated for the North American Truck of the Year award and was Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year in 2000 and 2008. Initially built in a new Toyota plant in Princeton, Indiana, production was consolidated in 2008 to Toyota's San Antonio, Texas, factory and is the only full-size pickup truck manufactured in Texas.
Toyota Previa (1991-1997)
In the United States, the Previa was sold from March 1990 (for the 1991 model year) to 1997. It was imported from Japan to compete with Chrysler Corporation's successful Dodge Caravan minivan, and its twins Chrysler Town and Country and Plymouth Voyager
Toyota Sienna (1998-present)
The Toyota Sienna is a minivan manufactured by Toyota at the Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana facility, in Princeton, Indiana, United States, for the North American market. It replaced the first-generation Previa van in 1997 with a more conventional front wheel drive layout and shares a heavily revised platform with the Camry. Both the Previa and original Sienna were smaller than the other minivans they competed against, but a redesign in 2003 (for the 2004 model year) increased the dimensions to match those of its competitors
Keep Your Car Looking New
Toyota Vehicles Through the Years
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