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Nikon PC lenses, similar to other types of perspective control lenses, provide adjustments that mimic movements of view camera . Earlier PC lenses provided shifting of the lens in relationship to the sensor plane, however the newer Nikon PC lenses also provide tilting.
In 1962, Nikon announced the first interchangeable lens with perspective control available for any SLR camera, which was a 35mm f/3.5 PC. It was followed up in 1968 by an updated 35mm f/2.8 PC design. It was engineered to position the shifting part of the lens further away from the camera's body, as a way to not touch the brand new "Photomic" meters. The last optical update of this 35mm PC lens was released in 1980.
This 35mm Nikkor PC did not meet photographers needs for an even wider lens, so during July 1975 Nikon announced a 28mm f/4 PC. Subsequently February 1981 Nikon announced an updated rendition, a 28mm f/3.5 Nikkor PC, with a brand new optical layout. This became the last one of the manual only PC-Nikkor lenses to be built.
There are currently 3 different Nikkor PC lenses available: The PC-E 24mm f/3.5D, a PC-E Micro 45mm f/2.8D and the PC-E Micro 85mm f/2.8D Micro lenses provide 1:2 close focus for macro photography. The "E" designates there's an electromagnetic diaphragm) providing automatic aperture control when used with with the D3, D3x, D300 and D700 Nikon cameras. On earlier Nikon cameras, the PC-E lens functions the same as a PC len, while. the PC Micro 85 mm f/2.8D provides just preset aperture control, operated by mechanically pressing a plunger.